The good, the bad and the ugly – three approaches to management of human waste in a high-mountain environment

  title={The good, the bad and the ugly – three approaches to management of human waste in a high-mountain environment},
  author={Michal Apollo},
  journal={International Journal of Environmental Studies},
  pages={129 - 158}
  • M. Apollo
  • Published 2 January 2017
  • Environmental Science
  • International Journal of Environmental Studies
Abstract Each year, millions of mountaineers visit high-mountain areas. They generate tonnes of faeces and cubic hectometres of urine annually. Thus, proper disposal of human waste is important for the conservation and appropriate management of high-mountain areas. The management can address the issue in three ways: the good (complete/non-invasive); the bad (partial/superficial); and the ugly (invasive). With use of those categories, 20 selected summits from different parts of the world have… 
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