The glutamate/GABA‐glutamine cycle: aspects of transport, neurotransmitter homeostasis and ammonia transfer

@article{Bak2006TheGC,
  title={The glutamate/GABA‐glutamine cycle: aspects of transport, neurotransmitter homeostasis and ammonia transfer},
  author={L. K. Bak and A. Schousboe and H. Waagepetersen},
  journal={Journal of Neurochemistry},
  year={2006},
  volume={98}
}
Neurons are metabolically handicapped in the sense that they are not able to perform de novo synthesis of neurotransmitter glutamate and γ‐aminobutyric acid (GABA) from glucose. A metabolite shuttle known as the glutamate/GABA‐glutamine cycle describes the release of neurotransmitter glutamate or GABA from neurons and subsequent uptake into astrocytes. In return, astrocytes release glutamine to be taken up into neurons for use as neurotransmitter precursor. In this review, the basic properties… Expand

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