The global landscape of AI ethics guidelines

@article{Jobin2019TheGL,
  title={The global landscape of AI ethics guidelines},
  author={Anna Jobin and M. Ienca and E. Vayena},
  journal={Nature Machine Intelligence},
  year={2019},
  pages={1-11}
}
In the past five years, private companies, research institutions and public sector organizations have issued principles and guidelines for ethical artificial intelligence (AI). However, despite an apparent agreement that AI should be ‘ethical’, there is debate about both what constitutes ‘ethical AI’ and which ethical requirements, technical standards and best practices are needed for its realization. To investigate whether a global agreement on these questions is emerging, we mapped and… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Principles alone cannot guarantee ethical AI
  • B. Mittelstadt
  • Computer Science, Political Science
  • Nature Machine Intelligence
  • 2019
TLDR
Significant differences exist between medical practice and AI development that suggest a principled approach may not work in the case of AI, and Brent Mittelstadt highlights these differences. Expand
Principles Alone Cannot Guarantee Ethical AI
Artificial intelligence (AI) ethics is now a global topic of discussion in academic and policy circles. At least 84 public–private initiatives have produced statements describing high-levelExpand
How corporations encourage the implementation of AI ethics
TLDR
This study intends to identify measures and mechanisms which corporations operating across different industry sectors in Germany use to encourage employees in the implementation of ethical AI practices, and provides important insight into the under-researched field of applied AI ethics. Expand
Lessons learned from AI ethics principles for future actions
  • Merve Hickok
  • Computer Science, Political Science
  • AI Ethics
  • 2021
As the use of artificial intelligence (AI) systems became significantly more prevalent in recent years, the concerns on how these systems collect, use and process big data also increased. To addressExpand
AI Ethics: how can information ethics provide a framework to avoid usual conceptual pitfalls? An Overview
TLDR
This work proposes to clarify the main approaches to AIE, their philosophical assumptions and the specific characteristics of each one of them, to identify the most promising approach to develop an ethical reflection on the deployment of AI in the authors' societies, which is the one based on information ethics as proposed by Luciano Floridi. Expand
The Ethics of AI Ethics: An Evaluation of Guidelines
TLDR
This paper analyzes and compares 22 ethics guidelines released in recent years and examines to what extent the respective ethical principles and values are implemented in the practice of research, development and application of AI systems—and how the effectiveness in the demands of AI ethics can be improved. Expand
Towards intellectual freedom in an AI Ethics Global Community
TLDR
This article identifies issues that arise at the intersection of information technology, socially encoded behaviors, and biases, and individual researchers’ work and responsibilities and proposes several possible actions to support researchers throughout the field of AI Ethics. Expand
AI-Ethics by Design. Evaluating Public Perception on the Importance of Ethical Design Principles of AI
TLDR
This paper gives first answers on the relative importance of ethical principles given a specific use case — the use of AI in tax fraud detection — and investigates how ethical principles are weighted in comparison to each other. Expand
The Quest for Actionable AI Ethics
In the face of the fact that AI ethics guidelines currently, on the whole, seem to have no significant impact on AI practices, the quest of AI ethics to ensure trustworthy AI is in danger of becomingExpand
Organisational responses to the ethical issues of artificial intelligence
The ethics of artificial intelligence (AI) is a widely discussed topic. There are numerous initiatives that aim to develop the principles and guidance to ensure that the development, deployment andExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 97 REFERENCES
Principles Alone Cannot Guarantee Ethical AI
Artificial intelligence (AI) ethics is now a global topic of discussion in academic and policy circles. At least 84 public–private initiatives have produced statements describing high-levelExpand
The Ethics of AI Ethics: An Evaluation of Guidelines
TLDR
This paper analyzes and compares 22 ethics guidelines released in recent years and examines to what extent the respective ethical principles and values are implemented in the practice of research, development and application of AI systems—and how the effectiveness in the demands of AI ethics can be improved. Expand
The Role and Limits of Principles in AI Ethics: Towards a Focus on Tensions
TLDR
It is suggested that an important next step for the field of AI ethics is to focus on exploring the tensions that inevitably arise as the authors try to implement principles in practice, and develop frameworks and guidelines that are rigorous and practically relevant. Expand
Towards a Code of Ethics for Artificial Intelligence
  • P. Boddington
  • Computer Science
  • Artificial Intelligence: Foundations, Theory, and Algorithms
  • 2017
TLDR
The challenges that arise in developing codes of ethics for artificial intelligence (AI) are discussed, including the usual disputes about how long it will be before it is with us, as well as disputes about whether the authors should welcome its arrival, and if so, why. Expand
The ethics of information transparency
TLDR
It is argued that explicit ethical designs, which describe how ethical principles are embedded into the practice of software design, would represent valuable information that could be disclosed by organisations in order to support their ethical standing. Expand
AI4People—An Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations
TLDR
The core opportunities and risks of AI for society are introduced; a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption are presented; and 20 concrete recommendations are offered to serve as a firm foundation for the establishment of a Good AI Society. Expand
Better, Nicer, Clearer, Fairer: A Critical Assessment of the Movement for Ethical Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
TLDR
This paper uses frame analysis to examine recent high-profile values statements endorsing ethical design for artificial intelligence and machine learning and uncovers the grounding assumptions and terms of debate that make some conversations about ethical design possible while forestalling alternative visions. Expand
The legal status of clinical and ethics policies, codes, and guidelines in medical practice and research.
  • A. Campbell, K. Glass
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • McGill law journal. Revue de droit de McGill
  • 2001
TLDR
It is demonstrated how practices and policies that guide professional conduct may ultimately bear weight as norms recognizable and enforceable within the legal sphere. Expand
Ethical governance is essential to building trust in robotics and artificial intelligence systems
  • A. Winfield, M. Jirotka
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2018
TLDR
It is argued that ethical governance is essential to building public trust in robotics and AI, and proposed five pillars of good ethical governance are proposed. Expand
Hard Choices and Soft Law: Ethical Codes, Policy Guidelines and the Role of the Courts in Regulating Government
The authors examine a number of examples of “soft law”: written and unwritten instruments and influences which shape administrative decision-making. Rather than rendering bureaucratic processes moreExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...