The global impact of HIV/AIDS

  title={The global impact of HIV/AIDS},
  author={Peter Piot and Michael Barto{\vs} and Peter Ghys and Neff Walker and Bernhard Schwartl{\"a}nder},
The scale of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS epidemic has exceeded all expectations since its identification 20 years ago. Globally, an estimated 36 million people are currently living with HIV, and some 20 million people have already died, with the worst of the epidemic centred on sub-Saharan Africa. But just as the spread of HIV has been greater than predicted, so too has been its impact on social capital, population structure and economic growth. Responding to AIDS on a scale… 
The Changing Picture of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic
To fully appreciate the potential benefits of HAART, the epidemic should continue to be monitored in the future, and the effects ofHAART on reducing HIV transmission should also be evaluated.
The global HIV and AIDS epidemic, 2001.
  • Medicine
    MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
  • 2001
This report summarizes epidemiologic trends, highlights several HIV and AIDS prevention milestones, and describes some prevention activities for the coming decade.
The Epidemiology of HIV and AIDS
The lessons learned from the successful responses to the HIV-1 problem demonstrate that it is possible to reduce the spread of the epidemic and to mitigate its impact.
The Impact of Aids on Africa
Often compared to the Black Death of the Middle Ages, the global AIDS epidemic is rapidly and powerfully attacking the fragile economic and social framework of some of the world's poorest countries.
Vaccines for HIV in the developing world
  • S. Kent
  • Medicine
    Internal medicine journal
  • 2002
There is increasing evidence that a safe (and at least partially successful) HIV vaccine will emerge over the coming decades.
The impact of social, economic and political forces on emerging HIV epidemics.
Russia, China and Vietnam were among those with fully implemented HIV sero-surveillance systems and that are introducing surveillance of sexual and injection risk behaviors, indicating that new epidemics can be confronted more efficiently than in the past.
Chapter 41 – The Global Impact of HIV and AIDS
This chapter summarizes the global impact of HIV/ AIDS outside of the U.S., with a focus on the developing world, including overviews of the epidemiology, demographic impact, and socioeconomic impact
HIV and the Ramifications for Food Security and Child Health in Affected Communities
The research questions include the true effectiveness of food assistance to mitigate the effects of HIV and the interaction of food security status with the efficacy and safety of antiretroviral therapy.
A Review on prevention and treatment of aids
AIDS is considered one of the most dangerous and a pandemic1 disease which is present over a large demographic area of the world. It has a great impact on society such as an illness, a source of
In the past 20 years, there has been no greater threat to the health of Black Americans than the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Unlike cancer, heart


AIDS in a New Millennium
In their Perspective, Schwartländer and his colleagues discuss the newly released statistics and the strategies needed to combat the further spread of HIV/AIDS and to reduce prevalence in the most severely affected countries.
Explosive spread and effective control of human immunodeficiency virus in northernmost Thailand: the epidemic in Chiang Rai province, 1988–99
The first 12 years of the HIV epidemic in Chiang Rai, Thailand's northernmost province are described, where more than half of the brothel-based female sex workers and one in six of 21-year-old male Royal Thai Army conscripts from the province were HIV infected.
Economic impact of AIDS
AIDS has the potential to create severe economic impacts in many African countries. It is different from most other diseases because it strikes people in the most productive age groups and is
HIV/AIDS among African Americans: progress or progression?
ObjectivesTo review data on the extent of HIV infection and associated risk behaviors, the occurrence of AIDS, and HIV-related mortality in African Americans and to suggest what can be done to reduce
The Macro Implications of HIV/AIDS in South Africa: A Preliminary Assessment
South Africa now stands at the brink of a full-blown AIDS crisis. The key question now is to how to deal with the impending crisis. The epidemic has moved beyond its earlier status as a health issue
Control of sexually transmitted diseases for HIV-1 prevention: understanding the implications of the Mwanza and Rakai trials
Two randomised controlled trials of sexually transmitted disease (STD) treatment for the prevention of HIV-1 Infection, in Mwanza, Tanzania, and Rakai, Uganda, unexpectedly produced contrasting
The “education vaccine” against HIV
Introduction Evidence is emerging that the social profile of the AIDS pandemic is changing over time. During its initial stage, the more educated, mobile and better-off members of society seem to be
Cost-effectiveness of voluntary HIV-1 counselling and testing in reducing sexual transmission of HIV-1 in Kenya and Tanzania
HIV-1 VCT is highly cost-effective in urban east African settings, but slightly less so than interventions such as improvement of sexually transmitted disease services and universal provision of nevirapine to pregnant women in high-prevalence settings.
HIV Prevalence and Associated Risks in Young Men Who Have Sex With Men
HIV prevalence among young MSM, particularly blacks, men of mixed race or ethnicity, Hispanics, and adolescents, was high, underscoring the need to evaluate and intensify prevention efforts for young MSM.
HIV infection, AIDS, hepatitis C, and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: National surveillance results to December 1998.
  • A. Mcdonald
  • Medicine
    New South Wales public health bulletin
  • 2000
The third annual surveillance report HIV–AIDS, Hepatitis C and Sexually Transmissible Infections in Australia Annual Surveillance Report 1999 was released in October 1999. The report, framed in the