The global health burden of infection‐associated cancers in the year 2002

@article{Parkin2006TheGH,
  title={The global health burden of infection‐associated cancers in the year 2002},
  author={Donald Maxwell Parkin},
  journal={International Journal of Cancer},
  year={2006},
  volume={118}
}
  • D. Parkin
  • Published 15 June 2006
  • Medicine, Biology
  • International Journal of Cancer
Several infectious agents are considered to be causes of cancer in humans. [] Key Result There would be 26.3% fewer cancers in developing countries (1.5 million cases per year) and 7.7% in developed countries (390,000 cases) if these infectious diseases were prevented. The attributable fraction at the specific sites varies from 100% of cervix cancers attributable to the papilloma viruses to a tiny proportion (0.4%) of liver cancers (worldwide) caused by liver flukes.
Multiple Infections and Cancer: Implications in Epidemiology
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The role of infectious agents in malignancies is discussed, the role of multiple/co-infections in cancer etiology is highlighted, and implications for cancer epidemiology are reviewed.
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    Recent results in cancer research. Fortschritte der Krebsforschung. Progres dans les recherches sur le cancer
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Successful efforts to identify additional oncogenic viruses in human cancer may lead to further insight into etiology and pathogenesis as well as to new approaches for therapeutic and prophylactic intervention.
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Up to one-quarter of cancer cases and deaths would be preventable through appropriate control of infectious agents in Korea.
Estimation of Cancer Burden Attributable to Infection in Asia
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Almost one quarter of all cancer cases and deaths in Asia were infection-associated in Asia, which could be effectively prevented if appropriate long-term controls of infectious agents were applied.
Cancer in Africa 2018: The role of infections
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Infections are by far the most common cancer risk factor for cancer in Africa—the traditional risk factors probably cause only one in eight cancers in Africa and prevention should focus on those infectious diseases preventable through vaccination which could reduce two‐thirds of the burden.
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More efforts are needed to implement new World Health Organization guide to vaccinate 9- to 13-year-old girls with two doses of human papilloma virus vaccine, and use human papiloma virus tests to screen women to prevent and control cervical cancer including guaranteed monitoring and appropriate follow-up for abnormal results.
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