The global effects of nuclear winter: science and antinuclear protest in the United States and the Soviet Union during the 1980s

  title={The global effects of nuclear winter: science and antinuclear protest in the United States and the Soviet Union during the 1980s},
  author={Paul Rubinson},
  journal={Cold War History},
  pages={47 - 69}
  • Paul Rubinson
  • Published 2 January 2014
  • Political Science
  • Cold War History
During the 1980s, Carl Sagan and other scientists used the theory of nuclear winter to criticize the arms race. Historians have largely dismissed nuclear winter as a political movement. In fact, nuclear winter influenced debate over nuclear weapons in the United States, despite contentious scientific and political arguments. In addition, an analysis of nuclear winter's reception in the Soviet Union reveals that the theory resonated on both sides of the Iron Curtain. The global debate over… 
This article introduces non-Western policy sciences into the burgeoning field of the intellectual history of Earth system governmentality, a field that studies the ideas, institutions and material
Transnational Professional Activism and the Prevention of Nuclear War in Britain
  • C. Laucht
  • Political Science
    Journal of social history
  • 2018
The concept of “transnational professional activism” is introduced to describe the ways in which scientific and medical professionals organized themselves into national interest groups situated within wider transnational networks in order to act against the perceived threat that nuclear war posed to human society.
Antinuclear movements in the U.S. and Kazakhstan: A cross-cultural analysis of mass communication patterns
Communication processes between citizens and institutions differ according to the culture, politics, and economies in different societies. However, under certain circumstances, communication patterns
Confronting the Threat of Nuclear Winter
Winter-safe Deterrence: The Risk of Nuclear Winter and Its Challenge to Deterrence
Abstract A new line of nuclear winter research shows that even small, regional nuclear wars could have catastrophic global consequences. However, major disarmament to avoid nuclear winter goes
US nonproliferation policy, nuclear cooperation, and Congress: revision of the US–Japan Nuclear Cooperation Agreement, 1987–88
ABSTRACT The 1988 revision of the US–Japan Nuclear Cooperation Agreement offers a major precedent both for current US nuclear cooperation policy and for the role played by Congress. Drawing on the
Winter-Safe Deterrence as a Practical Contribution to Reducing Nuclear Winter Risk: A Reply
In a recent issue of this journal, I published an article proposing the concept of winter-safe deterrence. The article defined winter-safe deterrence as ‘military force capable of meeting the deter...


Long-term biological consequences of nuclear war.
Subfreezing temperatures, low light levels, and high doses of ionizing and ultraviolet radiation extending for many months after a large-scale nuclear war could destroy the biological support systems
Local nuclear war, global suffering.
What would happen if a regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan began, according to simulation models, would cause massive amounts of smoke to enter the Earth’s upper atmosphere, blotting out the sun, and causing global cooling.
Nuclear Winter: Global Consequences of Multple Nuclear Explosions
The potential global atmospheric and climatic consequences of nuclear war are investigated using models previously developed to study the effects of volcanic eruptions, finding long-term exposure to cold, dark, and radioactivity could pose a serious threat to human survivors and to other species.
Extraterrestrial Cause for the Cretaceous-Tertiary Extinction
A hypothesis is suggested which accounts for the extinctions and the iridium observations, and the chemical composition of the boundary clay, which is thought to come from the stratospheric dust, is markedly different from that of clay mixed with the Cretaceous and Tertiary limestones, which are chemically similar to each other.
Middle east review
Ahmad Al-Rousan Secretary General of the Arab Union for Cement and Building Materials (AUCBM), provides an overview of the cement industry in the region.
Nuclear Famine: A Billion People at Risk
  • 2012
Nuclear Winter" and Global Climate Change
  • Osiris
  • 2011
Soviet Independent Peace Activist Vladimir Brodsky Tried
  • CFF: USSR: Moscow Trust Group: Mailing to Members
  • 1985
Soviet physicians against nuclear war: a PR ploy?
  • A. Orkin
  • Medicine
    Canadian Medical Association journal
  • 1984