The global carbon cycle: a test of our knowledge of earth as a system.

@article{Falkowski2000TheGC,
  title={The global carbon cycle: a test of our knowledge of earth as a system.},
  author={Paul G. Falkowski and Robert J. Scholes and Edward A. Boyle and Josep G. Canadell and Donald E. Canfield and James J. Elser and Nicolas Gruber and Kathy A. Hibbard and Peter H{\"o}gberg and Sune Linder and Fred T. Mackenzie and Berrien Moore and Thomas F. Pedersen and Yair Rosenthal and Sybil P. Seitzinger and V. Smet{\'a}cek and Will Steffen},
  journal={Science},
  year={2000},
  volume={290 5490},
  pages={
          291-6
        }
}
Motivated by the rapid increase in atmospheric CO2 due to human activities since the Industrial Revolution, several international scientific research programs have analyzed the role of individual components of the Earth system in the global carbon cycle. Our knowledge of the carbon cycle within the oceans, terrestrial ecosystems, and the atmosphere is sufficiently extensive to permit us to conclude that although natural processes can potentially slow the rate of increase in atmospheric CO2… 
Global Carbon Cycle
  • C. Sabine
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2014
Despite the low concentrations in the atmosphere relative to nitrogen or oxygen, carbon dioxide (CO2) plays a significant role in the Earth's life cycle and in controlling the global climate. The
Carbon cycling in earth systems—a soil science perspective
The Modern Carbon Cycle
The contemporary global carbon (C) cycling involves the exchanges of C within and between the atmosphere, the oceans, and biosphere. The C may be transferred from one reservoir to another in seconds
Reduced effectiveness of terrestrial carbon sequestration due to an antagonistic response of ocean productivity
Biological productivity in a number of ocean regions appears to be at least partly limited by the availability of iron. Any reduction in the present‐day aeolian iron supply to the open ocean is
Evolving paradigms in biological carbon cycling in the ocean
Carbon is a keystone element in global biogeochemical cycles. It plays a fundamental role in biotic and abiotic processes in the ocean, which intertwine to mediate the chemistry and redox status of
2 THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE : BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES
Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in our solar system and its chemistry forms the basis of all life on Earth. It is used both as the fundamental building block for all structural biological
Carbon metabolism: Global capitalism, climate change, and the biospheric rift
There is widespread agreement in the natural sciences that observed increases in average global temperatures over the past century are due in large part to the anthropogenic (human generated)
A Study of Carbon Sequestration by Phytoplankton
Climate change is one of the most serious threats for sustainable development of human society. The release of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere due to anthropogenic activities is one of the
Terrestrial Biosphere Dynamics in the Climate System: Past and Future
The terrestrial biosphere is one of the most critical and complex components of the climate system, regulating fluxes of energy, water and aerosols between the earth surface and atmosphere. The
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
Oceanic Carbon Dioxide Uptake in a Model of Century-Scale Global Warming
TLDR
Model simulations that include a simple representation of biological processes show a potentially large offsetting effect resulting from the downward flux of biogenic carbon, however, the magnitude of the offset is difficult to quantify with present knowledge.
Evolution of the nitrogen cycle and its influence on the biological sequestration of CO2 in the ocean
Over geological time, photosynthetic carbon fixation in the oceans has exceeded respiratory oxidation of organic carbon. The imbalance between the two processes has resulted in the simultaneous
Global warming and marine carbon cycle feedbacks on future atmospheric CO2
A low-order physical-biogeochemical climate model was used to project atmospheric carbon dioxide and global warming for scenarios developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The North
Simulated response of the ocean carbon cycle to anthropogenic climate warming
A 1995 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change provides a set of illustrative anthropogenic CO2 emission models leading to stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations ranging from
Influence of CO2 emission rates on the stability of the thermohaline circulation
Present estimates of the future oceanic uptake of anthropogenic CO2 and calculations of CO2-emission scenarios are based on the assumption that the natural carbon cycle is in steady state. But it
Biogeochemical Controls and Feedbacks on Ocean Primary Production
TLDR
Elucidating the biogeochemical controls and feedbacks on primary production is essential to understanding how oceanic biota responded to and affected natural climatic variability in the geological past, and will respond to anthropogenically influenced changes in coming decades.
Interhemispheric transport of carbon dioxide by ocean circulation
ALTHOUGH anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide have today created a greater atmospheric CO2concentration in the Northern than in the Southern Hemisphere, a comparison of interhemispheric CO2
The Response of Natural Ecosystems to the Rising Global CO2 Levels
TLDR
Because CO2 is a greenhouse gas, its increase in the atmosphere may influence the earth's energy budget and influence world ecosystems by direct effects on plant growth and development.
Global Carbon Sinks and Their Variability Inferred from Atmospheric O2 and δ13C
Recent time-series measurements of atmospheric O2 show that the land biosphere and world oceans annually sequestered 1.4 ± 0.8 and 2.0 ± 0.6 gigatons of carbon, respectively, between mid-1991 and
Dual modes of the carbon cycle since the Last Glacial Maximum
TLDR
The global carbon cycle is shown to have operated in two distinct primary modes on the timescale of thousands of years, one when climate was changing relatively slowly and another when warming was rapid, each with a characteristic average stable-carbon-isotope composition of the net CO2 exchanged by the atmosphere with the land and oceans.
...
...