The global burden of cataract

@article{Rao2011TheGB,
  title={The global burden of cataract},
  author={Gullapalli Nageswara Rao and Rohit C Khanna and Abhishek Payal},
  journal={Current Opinion in Ophthalmology},
  year={2011},
  volume={22},
  pages={4–9}
}
Purpose of review To review the previous year's literature related to prevalence of blindness in general, blindness due to cataract, cataract surgical coverage (CSC) and cataract surgical rates (CSRs). Recent findings Cataracts are the major cause of blindness and visual impairment in developing countries and contributes to more than 90% of the total disability adjusted life years. This review shows that coverage continues to be a problem in many countries, especially for the female population… 
The global state of cataract blindness
TLDR
Cost, an insufficient number of ophthalmologists, and low government funding remain significant barriers but investment in further eye care infrastructure and training of additional ophthalnologists would improve the current situation.
Commentary on ten-year incidence of cataract surgery in urban southern China: the Liwan Eye Study
TLDR
Commentary on Ten-Year Incidence of Cataract Surgery in Urban Southern China: The Liwan Eye Study is a timely one, as it serves to investigate the incidence of cataract surgery of Liwan district—and old town of Guangzhou City—as well as the accessibility of the very crucial healthcare intervention of catARact surgery.
Elimination of avoidable blindness due to cataract: Where do we prioritize and how should we monitor this decade?
TLDR
Establishing population-based surveillance of cataract surgical need and performance is a strong monitoring tool and will help program planners immensely.
The cataract situation in Suriname: an effective intervention programme to increase the cataract surgical rate in a developing country
TLDR
The cataract situation in Suriname is well under control since the implementation of the new intervention programme, and important factors contributing to this success were the introduction of phacoemulsification, intensive training, and improvement in the affordability and accessibility ofCataract surgery.
Impact of Cataract Surgery in Reducing Visual Impairment: A Review
TLDR
The goal of improving vision related quality of life for cataract patients during the early stages of visual impairment that is common in industrialized countries seems to be non-attainable in the rural India.
Cataract Surgical Rate and Socioeconomics: A Global Study.
TLDR
Cataract surgical rate and economic indicators are closely associated, indicating the strong influence of resource availability on healthcare delivery and it is important to be innovative in delivery of low-cost services and invest strategically in capacity development to meet cataract surgical need in low-resource settings.
A new normal with cataract surgery during COVID-19 pandemic
TLDR
Preferred practice pattern based on consensus discussions between leading ophthalmologists in India including representatives from major governmental and private institutions as well as the All India Ophthalmological Society leadership is prepared to facilitate smooth functioning of every clinic.
Cataract Blindness and Simulation-Based Training for Cataract Surgeons: An Assessment of the HelpMeSee Approach.
TLDR
R RAND researchers determined that the HMS program has the potential to scale up surgical capacity rapidly and that under optimistic assumptions, the program could largely close the backlog of surgical cases in the four major regions studied, resulting in 21 million cases of cataract-caused visual impairment in 2030.
Prevalence of Age-Related Cataract and Cataract Surgery in a Chinese Adult Population: The Taizhou Eye Study.
TLDR
The high prevalence of cataract and high rate of VI from ARC in the adult Chinese population remains a severe public health problem and poor visual outcomes were frequent.
Association of Sex With the Global Burden of Cataract
TLDR
The findings may enhance public awareness of sexual differences in global cataract burden and emphasize the importance of making sex-sensitive health policy to manage global vision loss caused by cataracts.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Cataract surgery for the developing world
TLDR
Manual small incision extracapsular cataract surgery is significantly faster, less expensive and requires less technology than phacoemulsification, and may be the preferred technique for cataracts surgery in the developing world.
Cataract surgical coverage remains lower in women
TLDR
It is estimated that blindness and severe visual impairment from cataract could be reduced by around 11% in the low- and middle-income countries if women were to receiveCataract surgery at the same rate as men.
Disparity in Access to Cataract Surgical Services Leads to Higher Prevalence of Blindness in Women as Compared With Men: Results of a National Survey of Visual Impairment
TLDR
Inequity in access to cataract surgery between men and women in Botswana has contributed to the higher prevalence of cataracts-related blindness in women.
Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness.
TLDR
The Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) has been developed as a simple and rapid survey methodology that can provide data on the prevalence and causes of blindness to design and monitor eye care programmes in the surveyed area.
Cataract and “Vision 2020—the right to sight” initiative
  • A. Foster
  • Medicine
    The British journal of ophthalmology
  • 2001
TLDR
Two articles in this issue of the BJO from Korea and Nepal evaluate cataract services using a variety of performance indicators—cataract surgical coverage, barriers to access, and outcome of surgery.
Prevalence and vision-related outcomes of cataract surgery in Gujarat, India
TLDR
Refractive error and posterior capsule opacification, easily treatable causes of visual impairment, are common among the operated and a greater emphasis on the quality of visual acuity outcomes is needed.
Cataract Blindness and Surgery among the Elderly in Rural Southern Harbin, China
TLDR
It was found that aging, female gender, and illiteracy were associated with prevalence of bilateral cataract blindness, and the establishment ofCataract surgical services that are gender sensitive is needed.
Visual impairment from age-related cataract among an indigenous African population
TLDR
The need for a comprehensive cataract surgical service using the VISION 2020 model is necessary in the Akinyele district of Nigeria if the burden from the backlog of visually disabling cataracts is to be reduced.
Prevelence and Causes of Visual Impairment and Blindness in Older Adults in an Area of India with a High Cataract Surgical Rate
TLDR
Investigation of the prevalence and causes of vision impairment/blindness among older adults in a high CSR area in Gujarat found cataract remains the predominant cause of blindness.
Gender and use of cataract surgical services in developing countries.
TLDR
Closing the gender gap could thus significantly decrease the prevalence of cataract blindness, and gender-sensitive intervention programmes are needed to improveCataract surgical coverage among females.
...
...