The gestures of a gorilla: Language acquisition in another pongid

  title={The gestures of a gorilla: Language acquisition in another pongid},
  author={Francine G. P. Patterson},
  journal={Brain and Language},
  • F. Patterson
  • Published 31 January 1978
  • Linguistics
  • Brain and Language
Teaching apes to ape language: explaining the imitative and nonimitative signing of a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
Evidence suggests that a chimpanzee signing with his trainers lacked the semantic and syntactic organization found in the utterances of most children, and learned to use gestures as nonsymbolic instrumental responses under the stimulus control of objects in the signing context and verbal and nonverbal cues from the trainers.
Use of numbers by a chimpanzee
The present study demonstrates that the chimpanzee was able to describe the three attributes of the sample items and spontaneously organized the ‘word order’.
Language comprehension in ape and child.
Comparisons of the language comprehension skills of a 2-year-old child and an 8 year-old bonobo who was raised in a language environment similar to that in which children are raised but specifically modified to be appropriate for an ape suggest that the potential for language comprehension preceded the appearance of speech by several million years at minimum.
Puede un antropoide generar una oración
More than 19000 expressions of various signs, produced by Nim, a Jung chimpanzee, were analysed, searching syntactic and semantic regularities. Lexicon regularities were observed in cases of two sign
Communication in Primates.
  • Sarah J. Stebbins
  • Psychology
    Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology
  • 1998
Researchers agree, the apes have exhibited the linguistic competence of very young children; but most anticipate more substantial achievements with additional time and the development of better training techniques.


Acquisition and Testing of Gestural Signs in Four Young Chimpanzees
Some signs were consistently easier to acquire than others, and individual differences between the four chimpanzees were found in the acquisition rates and tests.
Language Development: Form and Function in Emerging Grammars
The research reported is in investigation into the early acquisition of grammar by three children from the age of approximately 19 months. Nonlinguistic information from situational and behavioral
Reading and Sentence Completion by a Chimpanzee (Pan)
Four studies revealed that a 2�-year-old chimpanzee (Pan), after 6 months of computer-controlled language training, proficiently reads projected word-characters that constitute the beginnings of
Of language knowledge, apes, and brains
  • E. Lenneberg
  • Biology
    Journal of psycholinguistic research
  • 1971
The quest for innovation or differences in brain processes and functions now appears to be the primary one, whereas a description of structural changes in the human brain would be of interest only insofar as this would elucidate how brain functions might have become modified by them.
A syntactical analysis of some first-grade readers
An important consideration in teaching children to read is the appropriate matching of the reading material to the child. In the past the appropriateness of materials has been discussed in relation