Pragmatic analysis of gorilla utterances: Early communicative development in the gorilla Koko
- Computer Science
Kanji reading by a prekindergarten language-disabled child: A pilot study
- PsychologyBrain and Language
Teaching apes to ape language: explaining the imitative and nonimitative signing of a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
- Psychology, Biology
Evidence suggests that a chimpanzee signing with his trainers lacked the semantic and syntactic organization found in the utterances of most children, and learned to use gestures as nonsymbolic instrumental responses under the stimulus control of objects in the signing context and verbal and nonverbal cues from the trainers.
Use of numbers by a chimpanzee
- Psychology, BiologyNature
The present study demonstrates that the chimpanzee was able to describe the three attributes of the sample items and spontaneously organized the ‘word order’.
Chapter 5 Sign language acquisition and the development of meaning in a lowland gorilla
Language comprehension in ape and child.
- PsychologyMonographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
Comparisons of the language comprehension skills of a 2-year-old child and an 8 year-old bonobo who was raised in a language environment similar to that in which children are raised but specifically modified to be appropriate for an ape suggest that the potential for language comprehension preceded the appearance of speech by several million years at minimum.
Symbolization, language, and chimpanzees: A theoretical reevaluation based on initial language acquisition processes in four young Pan troglodytes
- PsychologyBrain and Language
Nonhuman Primates do Declare! A Comparison of Declarative Symbol and Gesture Use in Two Children, Two Bonobos, and A Chimpanzee.
- PsychologyLanguage & communication
Puede un antropoide generar una oración
More than 19000 expressions of various signs, produced by Nim, a Jung chimpanzee, were analysed, searching syntactic and semantic regularities. Lexicon regularities were observed in cases of two sign…
Communication in Primates.
- PsychologyFolia primatologica; international journal of primatology
Researchers agree, the apes have exhibited the linguistic competence of very young children; but most anticipate more substantial achievements with additional time and the development of better training techniques.
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Acquisition and Testing of Gestural Signs in Four Young Chimpanzees
- Psychology, BiologyScience
Some signs were consistently easier to acquire than others, and individual differences between the four chimpanzees were found in the acquisition rates and tests.
Language Development: Form and Function in Emerging Grammars
- Linguistics, Psychology
The research reported is in investigation into the early acquisition of grammar by three children from the age of approximately 19 months. Nonlinguistic information from situational and behavioral…
Reading and Sentence Completion by a Chimpanzee (Pan)
Four studies revealed that a 2�-year-old chimpanzee (Pan), after 6 months of computer-controlled language training, proficiently reads projected word-characters that constitute the beginnings of…
Of language knowledge, apes, and brains
- BiologyJournal of psycholinguistic research
The quest for innovation or differences in brain processes and functions now appears to be the primary one, whereas a description of structural changes in the human brain would be of interest only insofar as this would elucidate how brain functions might have become modified by them.
A syntactical analysis of some first-grade readers
An important consideration in teaching children to read is the appropriate matching of the reading material to the child. In the past the appropriateness of materials has been discussed in relation…