The genomic origins of the Bronze Age Tarim Basin mummies

  title={The genomic origins of the Bronze Age Tarim Basin mummies},
  author={Fan Zhang and Chao Ning and Ashley Scott and Qiaomei Fu and Rasmus G. Bj{\o}rn and Wenying Li and Dong Wei and Wenjun Wang and Linyuan Fan and Idilisi Abuduresule and Xingjun Hu and Qiurong Ruan and Alipujiang Niyazi and Guanghui Dong and Peng Cao and Feng Liu and Qingyan Dai and Xiaotian Feng and Ruowei Yang and Zihua Tang and Pengcheng Ma and Chun-xiang Li and Shizhu Gao and Yang Xu and Sihao Wu and Shao-qing Wen and Hong Zhu and Hui Zhou and Martine Robbeets and Prof Vikas Kumar and Johannes Krause and Christina G Warinner and Choongwon Jeong and Yinqiu Cui},
  pages={256 - 261}
The identity of the earliest inhabitants of Xinjiang, in the heart of Inner Asia, and the languages that they spoke have long been debated and remain contentious1. Here we present genomic data from 5 individuals dating to around 3000–2800 bc from the Dzungarian Basin and 13 individuals dating to around 2100–1700 bc from the Tarim Basin, representing the earliest yet discovered human remains from North and South Xinjiang, respectively. We find that the Early Bronze Age Dzungarian individuals… 

The Genetic Echo of the Tarim Mummies in Modern Central Asians

The major ancestry of present-day Tajik populations can be traced back to the admixture of the Bronze Age Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex and Andronovo-related populations, and the recent admixture signals detected in both Tajik and Kyrgyz are ascribed to the expansions of Eastern Steppe nomadic pastoralists during the Historical Era.

Bronze and Iron Age population movements underlie Xinjiang population history

The Xinjiang region in northwest China is a historically important geographical passage between East and West Eurasia. By sequencing 201 ancient genomes from 39 archaeological sites, we clarify the

Multidisciplinary lines of evidence reveal East/Northeast Asian origins of agriculturalist/pastoralist residents at a Han dynasty military outpost in ancient Xinjiang

Han/non-Han interactions were engrained among the border regions of ancient Imperial China. Yet, little is known about either the genetic origins or the lifeways of these border peoples. Our study

Genomic insights into the genetic structure and population history of Mongolians in Liaoning Province

It was found that Fuxin Mongolians had a close genetic relationship with Han people, northern Mongolians, other Mongolic speakers, and Tungusic speakers in East Asia and there were additional gene flows related to Eurasian Steppe pastoralists and Neolithic Iranian farmers in the gene pool of FuxIn Mongolians.

Genomic insight into the population history and biological adaptations of high-altitude Tibetan highlanders in Nagqu

The fitted qpAdm models showed that the studied Nagqu Tibetans could be fitted as having the main ancestry from late Neolithic upper Yellow River millet farmers and deeply diverged lineages from Southern East Asians (represented by Upper Paleolithic Guangxi_Longlin and Laos_Hoabinhian), and a non-neglectable western Steppe herder-related ancestry.

Indo-European loanwords and exchange in Bronze Age Central and East Asia

  • R. Bjørn
  • Linguistics
    Evolutionary Human Sciences
  • 2022
Abstract Abstract Loanword analysis is a unique contribution of historical linguistics to our understanding of prehistoric cultural interfaces. As language reflects the lives of its speakers, the

Hydro-climatic aspects of prehistoric human dynamics in the drylands of the Asian interior

The causes of prehistoric human migrations in the drylands of the Asian interior have long been debated among multidisciplinary scholars. The Bronze Age Xiaohe settlements (ca. 4000–3300 cal yr BP)

Spatiotemporal variation in human settlements and their interaction with living environments in Neolithic and Bronze Age China

It is evident that the origin, development, and expansion of agriculture and animal husbandry during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods across Eurasia facilitated the increase of the world

Genetic structure and demographic history of Northern Han people in Liaoning Province inferred from genome-wide array data

This study uses typical and advanced population genetic analysis methods to explore the genetic structure of 80 Han individuals from four different cities in Liaoning Province and reconstruct their demographic history based on the newly generated genome-wide data, and supports the “northern origin hypothesis”.



Bronze Age population dynamics and the rise of dairy pastoralism on the eastern Eurasian steppe

Investigation of a putative early pastoralist population in northern Mongolia finds that dairy production was established on the Eastern steppe by 1300 BCE, suggesting that ruminant dairy pastoralism was introduced by local hunter-gatherers through a process of cultural transmission and minimal genetic exchange with outside groups.

Evidence that a West-East admixed population lived in the Tarim Basin as early as the early Bronze Age

It is demonstrated that the Xiaohe people were an admixture from populations originating from both the West and the East, implying that the Tarim Basin had been occupied by an admixed population since the early Bronze Age, which is the earliest genetic evidence of an admixtures population settled in theTarim Basin.

Analysis of ancient human mitochondrial DNA from the Xiaohe cemetery: insights into prehistoric population movements in the Tarim Basin, China

BackgroundThe Tarim Basin in western China, known for its amazingly well-preserved mummies, has been for thousands of years an important crossroad between the eastern and western parts of Eurasia.

Genomic Insights into the Formation of Human Populations in East Asia

The deep population history of East Asia remains poorly understood due to a lack of ancient DNA data and sparse sampling of present-day people1,2. We report genome-wide data from 166 East Asians

New genetic evidence of affinities and discontinuities between bronze age Siberian populations.

The hypothesis of a genetic link between Afanasievo and Yamnaya (in western Eurasia), as suggested by previous studies of other markers, is supported and the presence of Y-haplogroup Q in Okunevo individuals links them to Native American populations, as was suggested by whole-genome sequencing.

Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia

It is shown that the Bronze Age was a highly dynamic period involving large-scale population migrations and replacements, responsible for shaping major parts of present-day demographic structure in both Europe and Asia.

137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes

The genomes of 137 ancient and 502 modern human genomes illuminate the population history of the Eurasian steppes after the Bronze Age and document the replacement of Indo-European speakers of West Eurasian ancestry by Turkic-speaking groups of East Asian ancestry.

Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East

We report genome-wide ancient DNA from 44 ancient Near Easterners ranging in time between ~12,000 and 1,400 bc, from Natufian hunter–gatherers to Bronze Age farmers. We show that the earliest

The genetic history of admixture across inner Eurasia

Genome-wide data for 763 individuals from inner Eurasia reveal 3 admixture clines in present-day populations that mirror geography, illuminating the historic spread and mixture of peoples across the Eurasian steppe, taiga and tundra.