The genomic formation of First American ancestors in East and Northeast Asia

  title={The genomic formation of First American ancestors in East and Northeast Asia},
  author={Chao Ning and Daniel M. Fernandes and Piya Changmai and Olga V Flegontova and Eren Y{\"u}nc{\"u} and Robert M Maier and N. Ezgi Altınışık and Alexei S. Kassian and Johannes Krause and Carles Lalueza-Fox and Andrea Manica and Ben A. Potter and Martine Robbeets and Kendra A. Sirak and Veronika Siska and Edward J. Vajda and Leonid Vyazov and Ke Wang and Lixin Wang and Xiyan Wu and Xiaoming Xiao and Fan Zhang and David Reich and Stephan Schiffels and Ron Pinhasi and Yinqiu Cui and Pavel Flegontov},
Upward Sun River 1, an individual from a unique burial of the Denali tradition in Alaska (11500 calBP), is considered a type representative of Ancient Beringians who split from other First Americans 22000–18000 calBP in Beringia. Using a new admixture graph model-comparison approach resistant to overfitting, we show that Ancient Beringians do not form the deepest American lineage, but instead harbor ancestry from a lineage more closely related to northern North Americans than to southern North… Expand
Deep genetic affinity between coastal Pacific and Amazonian natives evidenced by Australasian ancestry
It is demonstrated that the Australasian genetic signal is present in the Pacific coast region, indicating a more widespread signal distribution within South America and implicating an ancient contact between Pacific and Amazonian dwellers. Expand
Indian genetic heritage in Southeast Asian populations
The finding suggests that a massive migration of Indian people in the past was responsible for the spread of Indian culture in mainland Southeast Asia, and support for a close genetic affinity between Kra-Dai- and Austronesianspeaking populations, which fits a linguistic hypothesis suggesting cladality of the two language families. Expand
Peopling the Americas: Not “Out of Japan”
ABSTRACT A widely accepted model for the peopling of the Americas postulates a source population in the Northeast Asian maritime region, which includes northern Japan. The model is based onExpand
Dental Morphology of Naia, a Late Pleistocene Human from Mexico and the Sinodont/Sundadont Issue
ABSTRACT The dental morphology of the earliest Americans is poorly known, partly because existing data are largely unpublished and partly because dental wear is typically extreme in the few completeExpand
Circumpolar peoples and their languages: lexical and genomic data suggest ancient Chukotko-Kamchatkan–Nivkh and Yukaghir-Samoyedic connections
A weighted permutation test was developed and applied to basic vocabularies of a number of languages and reconstructed proto-languages to show that at least three groups of circumpolar language families in the Northern Hemisphere show evidence of relationship though borrowing in the basic vocabulary or common descent. Expand
Indian genetic heritage in Southeast Asian populations 1 2
2 Piya Changmai, Kitipong Jaisamut, Jatupol Kampuansai, Wibhu Kutanan, N. Ezgi Altınışık, Olga 3 Flegontova, Angkhana Inta, Eren Yüncü, Worrawit Boonthai, Horolma Pamjav, David Reich, Pavel 4Expand


Reconstructing the Deep Population History of Central and South America
Genome-wide ancient DNA from 49 individuals forming four parallel time transects in Belize, Brazil, the Central Andes, and the Southern Cone suggests a population replacement that began at least 9,000 years ago and was followed by substantial population continuity in multiple regions. Expand
A genomic view of the peopling of the Americas.
It is shown that during the Holocene, new migrations from Asia introduced the Saqqaq/Dorset Paleoeskimo population to the North American Arctic ∼4500 years ago, ancestry that is potentially connected with ancestry found in Athabaskan-speakers today. Expand
Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory
Ancient migrations in Southeast Asia The past movements and peopling of Southeast Asia have been poorly represented in ancient DNA studies (see the Perspective by Bellwood). Lipson et al. generatedExpand
Ancient DNA indicates human population shifts and admixture in northern and southern China
Genetic differentiation in this region was higher in the past than the present, which reflects a major episode of admixture involving northern East Asian ancestry spreading across southern East Asia after the Neolithic, thereby transforming the genetic ancestry of southern China. Expand
A Working Model of the Deep Relationships of Diverse Modern Human Genetic Lineages Outside of Africa
A model that provides a good statistical fit to allele-frequency correlation patterns among East Asians, Australasians, Native Americans, and ancient western and northern Eurasians, together with archaic human groups is reported, providing a useful summary of deep Eurasian population history. Expand
Terminal Pleistocene Alaskan genome reveals first founding population of Native Americans
The results suggest that the far-northern North American presence of northern Native Americans is from a back migration that replaced or absorbed the initial founding population of Ancient Beringians, and support a long-term genetic structure in ancestral Native Americans, consistent with the Beringian ‘standstill model’. Expand
The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia
Neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Expand
Ancient genomes from northern China suggest links between subsistence changes and human migration
55 ancient genomes from the YR, WLR, and Amur River regions are presented to suggest a link between changes in subsistence strategy and human migration, and fuel the debate about archaeolinguistic signatures of past human migration. Expand
Genomic evidence for the Pleistocene and recent population history of Native Americans
The results suggest that there has been gene flow between some Native Americans from both North and South America and groups related to East Asians and Australo-Melanesians, the latter possibly through an East Asian route that might have included ancestors of modern Aleutian Islanders. Expand
Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
It is shown that the great majority of present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: West European Hunter-Gatherers (WHG), who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; Ancient North Eurasians (ANE); and Early European Farmers (EEF), who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harbored WHG-related ancestry. Expand