The genome of the domesticated apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.)

@article{Velasco2010TheGO,
  title={The genome of the domesticated apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.)},
  author={R. Velasco and A. Zharkikh and J. Affourtit and A. Dhingra and A. Cestaro and A. Kalyanaraman and P. Fontana and S. K. Bhatnagar and M. Troggio and D. Pruss and S. Salvi and M. Pindo and P. Baldi and S. Castelletti and Marina Cavaiuolo and G. Coppola and F. Costa and V. Cova and A. D. Ri and V. Goremykin and M. Komjanc and S. Longhi and P. Magnago and Giulia Malacarne and M. Malnoy and D. Micheletti and Marco Moretto and M. Perazzolli and Azeddine Si-Ammour and S. Vezzulli and E. Zini and G. Eldredge and L. Fitzgerald and N. Gutin and J. Lanchbury and T. Macalma and Jeff T Mitchell and J. Reid and B. Wardell and C. Kodira and Z. Chen and B. Desany and Faheem Niazi and Melinda Palmer and Tyson Koepke and D. Jiwan and S. Schaeffer and V. Krishnan and C. Wu and V. Chu and S. T. King and J. Vick and Q. Tao and A. Mraz and Aimee Stormo and K. Stormo and R. Bogden and D. Ederle and A. Stella and A. Vecchietti and M. Kater and S. Masiero and P. Lasserre and Y. Lespinasse and A. Allan and V. Bus and D. Chagn{\'e} and R. Crowhurst and A. Gleave and Enrico Lavezzo and Jeffrey A. Fawcett and Sebastian Proost and P. Rouz{\'e} and L. Sterck and S. Toppo and B. Lazzari and R. Hellens and C. Durel and A. Gutin and Roger E Bumgarner and S. Gardiner and M. Skolnick and M. Egholm and Y. Peer and F. Salamini and Roberto Viola},
  journal={Nature Genetics},
  year={2010},
  volume={42},
  pages={833-839}
}
We report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the domesticated apple (Malus × domestica). We show that a relatively recent (>50 million years ago) genome-wide duplication (GWD) has resulted in the transition from nine ancestral chromosomes to 17 chromosomes in the Pyreae. Traces of older GWDs partly support the monophyly of the ancestral paleohexaploidy of eudicots. Phylogenetic reconstruction of Pyreae and the genus Malus, relative to major Rosaceae taxa, identified the progenitor of the… Expand
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