Invited Review: Biological adaptation and social behaviour
- Biology, Psychology
It is concluded that as the authors have come to better understand human adaptation, its complexities have been further revealed, a development already implicit in Darwin's notion.
Evolution in a genetically heritable social environment
- Biology, PsychologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Wolf provides an explicit, general model and an experimental system in which it is possible to fully define and measure heritable variation in systems of interacting individuals and explains how an individual's characteristics are influenced by two kinds of genetic effects.
"Runaway" social evolution: reinforcing selection for inbreeding and altruism.
- BiologyJournal of theoretical biology
Inclusive Fitness from Multitype Branching Processes
- BiologyBulletin of mathematical biology
It is shown that inclusive fitness can be used to determine the short-term fate of mutants in the face of stochastic demographic fluctuations and a connection is provided between certain inclusive-fitness-based approaches routinely applied in theoretical studies of social evolution.
How to Make a Kin Selection Model
A ‘‘direct fitness’’ formulation of inclusive fitness which often has a more straightforward derivation is proposed, and is illustrated first in a homogeneous population, with examples of group competition and partial dispersal behaviour, and then in a class-structured population.
INTERDEMIC SELECTION AND THE EVOLUTION OF ALTRUISM: A COMPUTER SIMULATION STUDY
- BiologyEvolution; international journal of organic evolution
Two primary mechanisms have been used to explain the evolution of altruistic characters: kin selection and interdemic selection, which have been appropriately combined under the general heading of group selection.
ReviewAdaptation and Inclusive Fitness
- Biology, Psychology
There is something special about relatedness caused by common ancestry, in contrast with the other mechanisms that may lead to individuals being genetically related, because it unites the interests of genes across the genome, allowing complex, multigenic adaptations to evolve.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 40 REFERENCES
Essays on Evolution. II. On the Effects of Selection on Social Insects
- BiologyThe Quarterly Review of Biology
It is clear that all the social insects have arisen from solitary forms in which the sterile caste was absent, and it follows that evolution must have resulted in an increase of sterile individuals.
On the change of population fitness by natural selection2 3
A general equation for the role of additive, dominance, and epistatic components of fitness in determining the rate of change in population fitness is given and claims that this law should hold the same position among the biological sciences as the second law of thermodynamics in physical sciences.
NATURAL SELECTION OF INDIVIDUALLY HARMFUL SOCIAL ADAPTATIONS AMONG SIBS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SOCIAL INSECTS
The adaptive nature of most of the normal relationships between members of one species is usually apparent. Active participants seem to derive benefits from these relationships. Several individuals…
Natural Selection and the Sex Ratio
Bodmer and Edwards maintain that the most important selective force arises through the advantage of reproducing as efficiently as possible, that is, of making the maximum genetic contribution to future generations for a given amount of effort devoted to the bearing of young.
Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behaviour.
- BiologyCanadian Medical Association journal
Wynne-Edwards has written this interesting and important book as a sequel to his earlier (1962) Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behaviour. Reviewing it has proven to be a valuable task for…
The Derivation of Joint Distribution and Correlation between Relatives by the Use of Stochastic Matrices
The absolute frequencies of the various genotypic parent-offspring and sib-pair combinations with respect to one pair of genes, autosomal or sex-linked, are well known to geneticists, for they are of…
Helpers at the Nest
- Environmental Science
There are many species in which the mated pair are not so exclusive in their territory, and as a result of this, coupled with other peculiar circumstances, receive more or less assistance in the duties of the nest.
Concerning the Number of Times Queen Bees Mate
Four sets of mating data from different geographical locations and different strains of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) obtained by three independent researchers are presented and discussed, and the concept that matings may follow a Poisson type distribution is discussed and analyzed.
Co-Operative Nest-Founding by the Wasp, Polistes Annularis Linn.
It is observed, in the spring of 1940, that as the nest increases in size, other queens attach themselves to the colony and help the original foundresses carry on the work.