The genetic structure of the world’s first farmers

  title={The genetic structure of the world’s first farmers},
  author={Iosif Lazaridis and Dani Nadel and Gary O. Rollefson and Deborah C. Merrett and Nadin Rohland and Swapan Mallick and Daniel M. Fernandes and Mario Novak and Beatriz Gamarra and Kendra A. Sirak and Sarah Connell and Kristin Stewardson and {\'E}adaoin Harney and Qiaomei Fu and Gloria M. Gonz{\'a}lez-Fortes and Song{\"u}l Alpaslan Roodenberg and Gy{\"o}rgy Lengyel and Fanny Bocquentin and Boris Gasparian and Janet M Monge and Michael Gregg and Vered Eshed and Ahuva-Sivan Mizrahi and Christopher Meiklejohn and Fokke Gerritsen and Luminița Bejenaru and Matthias Blueher and Archie I Campbell and Gianpero Cavalleri and David Comas and Philippe Froguel and Edmund Gilbert and Shona M Kerr and Peter Kovacs and Johannes Krause and Darren McGettigan and Michael J. Merrigan and David A. Merriwether and Seamus O’Reilly and Martin B. Richards and Ornella Semino and Michel Shamoon-Pour and Gheorghe Stefanescu and Michael Stumvoll and Anke Tönjes and Antonio Torroni and James F. Wilson and Loic Yengo and Nelli Hovhannisyan and Nick J. Patterson and Ron Pinhasi and David Reich},
We report genome-wide ancient DNA from 44 ancient Near Easterners ranging in time between ~12,000-1,400 BCE, from Natufian hunter-gatherers to Bronze Age farmers. We show that the earliest populations of the Near East derived around half their ancestry from a ‘Basal Eurasian’ lineage that had little if any Neanderthal admixture and that separated from other non-African lineages prior to their separation from each other. The first farmers of the southern Levant (Israel and Jordan) and Zagros… 

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