The genetic structure of the world’s first farmers

@article{Lazaridis2016TheGS,
  title={The genetic structure of the world’s first farmers},
  author={Iosif Lazaridis and D. Nadel and G. Rollefson and D. Merrett and N. Rohland and Swapan Mallick and D. Fernandes and M. Novak and Beatriz Gamarra and K. Sirak and S. Connell and Kristin Stewardson and {\'E}adaoin Harney and Qiaomei Fu and G. Gonz{\'a}lez-Fortes and Song{\"u}l Alpaslan Roodenberg and G. Lengyel and F. Bocquentin and B. Gasparian and J. Monge and M. Gregg and V. Eshed and Ahuva-Sivan Mizrahi and C. Meiklejohn and F. Gerritsen and L. Bejenaru and M. Blueher and A. Campbell and Gianpero Cavalleri and D. Comas and P. Froguel and E. Gilbert and S. Kerr and P. Kovacs and J. Krause and D. McGettigan and M. Merrigan and D. Merriwether and Seamus O’Reilly and M. Richards and O. Semino and Michel Shamoon-Pour and G. Stefanescu and M. Stumvoll and A. Tönjes and A. Torroni and James F. Wilson and L. Yengo and N. Hovhannisyan and N. Patterson and R. Pinhasi and D. Reich},
  journal={bioRxiv},
  year={2016}
}
We report genome-wide ancient DNA from 44 ancient Near Easterners ranging in time between ~12,000-1,400 BCE, from Natufian hunter-gatherers to Bronze Age farmers. We show that the earliest populations of the Near East derived around half their ancestry from a ‘Basal Eurasian’ lineage that had little if any Neanderthal admixture and that separated from other non-African lineages prior to their separation from each other. The first farmers of the southern Levant (Israel and Jordan) and Zagros… Expand
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