The genetic legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in extant Europeans: a Y chromosome perspective.

@article{Semino2001TheGL,
  title={The genetic legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in extant Europeans: a Y chromosome perspective.},
  author={Ornella Semino and Giuseppe Passarino and Peter J. Oefner and Alice A. Lin and Svetlana Arbuzova and Lars Beckman and Giovanna de Benedictis and Paolo Francalacci and Anastasia Kouvatsi and Svetlana A. Limborska and M Marcikiae and Anna Mika and Barbara Mika and Dragan Primorac and A. Silvana Santachiara‐Benerecetti and Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza and Peter A. Underhill},
  journal={Nature Reviews Genetics},
  year={2001},
  volume={2},
  pages={5-5}
}
A genetic perspective of human history in Europe was derived from 22 binary markers of the nonrecombining Y chromosome (NRY). Ten lineages account for >95% of the 1007 European Y chromosomes studied. Geographic distribution and age estimates of alleles are compatible with two Paleolithic and one Neolithic migratory episode that have contributed to the modern European gene pool. A significant correlation between the NRY haplotype data and principal components based on 95 protein markers was… Expand

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