The genetic identity of the earliest human-made hybrid animals, the kungas of Syro-Mesopotamia

  title={The genetic identity of the earliest human-made hybrid animals, the kungas of Syro-Mesopotamia},
  author={Emerson Bennett and Jill Weber and Wejden Bendhafer and Sophie Champlot and Joris Peters and G Schwartz and Thierry Grange and Eva-Maria Geigl},
  journal={Science Advances},
Chip Off the Old Block: Generation, Development, and Ancestral Concepts of Heredity
The fusion of these different domains into a single comprehensive theory in 19th century biology was a historically and culturally interdependent process, thus examining genetic prehistory should unravel these entanglements.


The Domestication of Equidae in Third-Millennium BCE Mesopotamia
It has been forty years since the first edition of this book, as an Oriental Institute doctoral dissertation, was completed. Now, in a fully revised and much expanded study, CUSAS 24 presents a
Mitochondrial genome sequence of the Tibetan wild ass (Equus kiang)
The results show that E. kiang mitochondrial DNA is 16,634 bp long, and predicted to encode all the 37 genes that are typical for vertebrates.
Morphology of the Denisovan phalanx closer to modern humans than to Neanderthals
Unlike Denisovan molars, which display archaic characteristics not found in modern humans, the only morphologically informative Denisovan postcranial bone identified to date is suggested here to be plesiomorphic and shared between Denisovans and modern humans.
Analysis of Ancient DNA in Microbial Ecology.
The methods developed and/or in use in the laboratory to produce reliable and reproducible paleogenomic results from ancient skeletal remains that can be used to identify the presence of ancient microbiota are described.
Eurasian wild asses in time and space: morphological versus genetic diversity.
  • E. Geigl, T. Grange
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
  • 2012
Donkey genomes provide new insights into domestication and selection for coat color
The genetic basis of coat color is investigated and it is shown that the non-Dun phenotype is caused by a 1 bp deletion downstream of the TBX3 gene, which decreases the expression of this gene and its inhibitory effect on pigment deposition.
Donkey genome and insight into the imprinting of fast karyotype evolution
The donkey, like the horse, is a promising model for exploring karyotypic instability and expanded miRNA families and five newly discovered miRNA target genes involved in meiosis may be associated with fast karyotype evolution.
Taming the late Quaternary phylogeography of the Eurasiatic wild ass through ancient and modern DNA
This study places the extinct European wild ass, E. hydruntinus, into its phylogenetic context within the Asiatic wild asses and reveals recent gene flow events between populations currently regarded as separate species.
Speciation with gene flow in equids despite extensive chromosomal plasticity
These findings challenge the claim that the accumulation of chromosomal rearrangements drive complete reproductive isolation, and promote equids as a fundamental model for understanding the interplay between chromosomal structure, gene flow, and, ultimately, speciation.
Domestication of the donkey: Timing, processes, and indicators
Morphological similarities to wild ass show that, despite their use as beasts of burden, donkeys were still undergoing considerable phenotypic change during the early Dynastic period in Egypt, consistent with recent studies of other domestic animals that suggest that the process of domestication is slower and less linear than previously thought.