The genetic code in mitochondria and chloroplasts

@article{Jukes2005TheGC,
  title={The genetic code in mitochondria and chloroplasts},
  author={Thomas Hughes Jukes and S. Osawa},
  journal={Experientia},
  year={2005},
  volume={46},
  pages={1117-1126}
}
The universal genetic code is used without changes in chloroplasts and in mitochondria of green plants. Non-plant mitochondria use codes that include changes from the universal code. Chloroplasts use 31 anticodons in translating the code; a number smaller than that used by bacteria, because chloroplasts have eliminated 10 CNN anticodons that are found in bacteria. Green plant mitochondria (mt) obtain some tRNAs from the cytosol, and genes for some other tRNAs have been acquired from chloroplast… 

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