The genetic causes of basal ganglia calcification, dementia, and bone cysts: DAP12 and TREM2.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy (PLOSL), or Nasu-Hakola disease, is a presenile dementia associated with loss of myelin, basal ganglia calcification, and bone cysts. It is caused by recessively inherited mutations in two genes encoding subunits of a cell membrane-associated receptor complex: TREM2 and… (More)

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