The generation of metabolic energy by solute transport

  title={The generation of metabolic energy by solute transport},
  author={Wil N. Konings and Juke S. Lolkema and Bert Poolman},
  journal={Archives of Microbiology},
Secondary metabolic-energy-generating systems generate a proton motive force (pmf) or a sodium ion motive force (smf) by a process that involves the action of secondary transporters. The (electro)chemical gradient of the solute(s) is converted into the electrochemical gradient of protons or sodium ions. The most straightforward systems are the excretion systems by which a metabolic end product is excreted out of the cell in symport with protons or sodium ions (energy recycling). Similarly… CONTINUE READING
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