The generalizability of the psychoanalytic concept of the working alliance.

  title={The generalizability of the psychoanalytic concept of the working alliance.},
  author={Edward S. Bordin},
  • E. Bordin
  • Published 1979
  • Psychology
  • Psychotherapy
The psychoanalytic concept of the working alliance is reviewed and elaborated. It is argued that various modes of psychotherapy can be meaningfully differentiated in terms of the kinds of working alliances embedded in them. Moreover, the strength, rather than the kind of working alliance, will prove to be the major factor in change achieved through psychotherapy. Strength of alliance will be a function of the goodness of fit of the respective personalities of patient and therapist to the… 

Deconstructing the therapeutic relationship in order to reconstruct it

The conclusion was reached that the alliance cannot be seen as a suit that fits all comers and that to study it, there needs to decompose it into its components and identify other “variables of the relationship”.

The active factor of alliance in psychotherapy: differentiation of therapeutic alliance quality according to the psychotherapist’s theoretical orientation and type of disorder

Purpose The results of empirical research on the patient–psychotherapist relationship have led to the fundamental conclusion that the therapeutic alliance is one of the key factors ensuring the

An exploration of the experience of trainee integrative psychotherapists on therapeutic alliance in the light of their attachment style

It is suggested that the exploration of trainee therapists’ Attachment Styles as well as the study of the Attachment Theory should be added to all Counseling and Psychotherapy curricula regardless the therapeutic orientation because of its contribution to forming positive Therapeutic Relationships.

The Clinical Relevance of Interdisciplinary Research on Affect Regulation in the Analytic Relationship

Research on affective regulation in the analytic process is proposed as a path that exemplifies interdisciplinary research and scientific pluralism from which psychoanalysis enriches and progresses as a discipline.

Deconstructing the Therapeutic Alliance: Reflections on the Underlying Dimensions of the Concept

The concept of the alliance has received increasing attention from both clinicians and researchers over the past thirty years. Yet it remains only vaguely defined, and its role and effect in therapy

The contribution of the quality of therapists' personal lives to the development of the working alliance.

It seems that patients are particularly sensitive to their therapists' private life experience of distress, which presumably is communicated through the therapists' in-session behaviors, whereas the therapist's judgments of alliance quality were positively biased by their own sense of personal well-being.

Therapeutic Alliance and Outcome of Psychotherapy: Historical Excursus, Measurements, and Prospects for Research

The emerging picture suggests that the quality of the client–therapist alliance is a reliable predictor of positive clinical outcome independent of the variety of psychotherapy approaches and outcome measures.

The therapeutic alliance--a conceptual analysis.

  • E. Hougaard
  • Psychology
    Scandinavian journal of psychology
  • 1994
It is argued that the componential nature of the therapeutic alliance will render difficult any interpretation of findings regarding the relationship between alliance and outcome in traditional process-outcome research.

Therapeutic Relationship as a Change Agent in Psychotherapy

The study qualitatively explored the clients’ and their psychotherapists’ perspectives on the mutative role of therapeutic relationship. The sample was composed of 13 psychotherapist participants



Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy: 36 Systems

Active Psychotherapy presents a "what's what in psychotherapy" in the past and present, organizing the different schools into affective- or emotionallyoriented therapies and cognitive- or intellectually-oriented therapies.

The Technique and Practice of Psychoanalysis

Dr. Greenson's book is based primarily on the theory of dammed-up libido, correct in itself but not expanded and enriched by the last 40 years of study which have seen such revolutionary progress in every other clinical and scientific study.

Anticipatory socialization for psychotherapy: method and rationale.

A clinical procedure for introducing patients who appear to lack motivation for treatment to psychotherapy if they are taught what to expect and if they understand the "rules of the game" is outlined.

Research strategies in psychotherapy


Parts of empathy derived from rating scale responses were intercorrelated using rank order methods and compared to movement responses on projective protocols and indicated more accurate observers of others' behavior were also more accurately perceived.

Theory of psychoanalytic technique

A text on practising psychodynamic therapy. It is suitable for the novice as well as the experienced clinician.

The Technique and Practice of Psychoanalysis, Volume 1

A-B variable in psychotherapy: a critical review.

  • A. Razin
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1971