Long noncoding RNAs coordinate functions between mitochondria and the nucleus
Mitochondrial RNA-processing endoribonuclease (RNAase MRP) has the capacity to cleave mitochondrial RNA complementary to the light strand of the displacement loop at a unique site. The enzyme is a ribonucleoprotein whose RNA component is a nuclear gene product. The 5' flanking region of the primary transcript has control elements characteristic of RNA polymerase II transcription, and the coding region has features of RNA polymerase III transcription signals. The RNA associated with RNAase MRP is the first known RNA encoded by a single-copy gene in the nucleus and believed to be imported into mitochondria. The gene (RMRP) for this RNA component of RNAase MRP was assigned to human chromosome 9 and mouse chromosome 4 by Southern blot analyses of 11 human X rodent hybrids and 11 mouse X rodent hybrids with probe pHM1.0 and probe pSP270, respectively. In situ hybridization of probe pHSTU300 to normal human chromosomes revealed 29 of 100 cells with label on 9p and 9.6% of 302 silver grains located at 9p21--p12.