The structural gene for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (Pcna) has been mapped to mouse Chromosome (Chr) 2 by use of a PCR-based assay. With somatic cell hybrids, Pcna was mapped between the T(2;4)13H and T(2;4)1Sn breakpoints. An interspecific backcross was employed to map Pcna 1.9±1.3 cM distal to Il-lb. This was confirmed by mapping Pcna in the BXH recombinant inbred (RI) strains; no recombinants were seen between Il-la and Pcna. In addition, a PCNA-related sequence (Pcna-rsl) was mapped to Chr 19 in the BXH RI strains.