The gender gap in suicide and premature death or: why are men so vulnerable?

  title={The gender gap in suicide and premature death or: why are men so vulnerable?},
  author={Anne Maria M{\"o}ller-Leimk{\"u}hler},
  journal={European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience},
  • A. Möller-Leimkühler
  • Published 1 February 2003
  • Psychology
  • European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Abstract. Suicide and premature death due to coronary heart disease, violence, accidents, drug or alcohol abuse are strikingly male phenomena, particularly in the young and middle-aged groups. Rates of offending behaviour, conduct disorders, suicide and depression are even rising, and give evidence to a high gender-related vulnerability of young men. In explaining this vulnerability, the gender perspective offers an analytical tool to integrate structural and cultural factors. It is shown that… 
Antecedents and sex/gender differences in youth suicidal behavior.
These proposed antecedents to youth suicide highlight the importance of interventions that alter early environment(s) and/or one's ability to adapt to them, and may have more enduring protective effects, for the individual and for future generations, if implemented in youth.
Alcohol Psychoses and Gender Gap in Suicide Mortality in Russia
Harmful drinking appears to play an important role in the high gender gap in suicide mortality and its dramatic fluctuations in Russia during the last few decades.
Exploring paths to youth suicide and sudden violent death : a multimethod case-control investigation
Suicide and other forms of sudden violent death are the most common causes of death among young people worldwide. Both suicide and other forms of sudden violent death are more frequent among males
The Social Nature of Male Suicide: A New Analytic Model
Suicide is one of the leading causes of male mortality. In nearly every country in the world, more males than females end their life by suicide. Previous research indicates male-specific risk factors
What Are Reasons for the Large Gender Differences in the Lethality of Suicidal Acts? An Epidemiological Analysis in Four European Countries
Men more often used highly lethal methods in suicidal behaviour, but there was also a higher method-specific lethality which together explained the large gender differences in the lethality of suicidal acts.
Suicide in Asia: opportunities and challenges.
Considering the specific socioeconomic and cultural aspects of the region, community-based suicide intervention programs integrating multiple layers of intervention targets may be the most feasible and cost-effective strategy in Asia, with its populous areas and limited resources.
Nonfatal Suicidal Behavior among a Sample of College Students: The Role of Gender as a Risk and Protective Factor
ABSTRACT In the United States, suicide is a leading cause of death among college-aged persons, particularly among men. However, while college-aged men are at higher risk for suicide, it is women who


Why Do Men Get More Heart Disease Than Women? An International Perspective
  • G. Weidner
  • Psychology
    Journal of American college health : J of ACH
  • 2000
Overall, it appears that men's coping with stressful events may be less adaptive physiologically, behaviorally, and emotionally, contributing to their increased risk for CHD.
Meanings of gender and suicidal behavior during adolescence.
  • S. Canetto
  • Psychology
    Suicide & life-threatening behavior
  • 1997
Cultural narratives of gender and suicidal behavior may be particularly influential for adolescents because adolescents are in the process of defining their identity, and often take cultural messages about "appropriate" gender behavior more seriously and more literally than adults.
Cultural correlates of youth suicide.
Suicide in response to changing societies.
Eastern European transition and suicide mortality.
Sex-role change, anomie and female suicide: a test of alternative Durkheimian explanations.
Trend analyses of American suicide rates and female/male suicide ratios from 1950 to 1984 and the regression of the ratios on female educational attainment, white female labor force participation, white fertility rates, and divorce rates are used to examine general anomie explanations of changes in suicide rates under conditions of social change.
Why women are less likely than men to commit suicide.
  • G. Murphy
  • Psychology
    Comprehensive psychiatry
  • 1998
Factors Affecting the Acceptability of Suicide
The present study examined whether attitudes toward suicide vary as a function of the age and gender of the suicide victim, the gender of the evaluator, and the type of illness that precipitates the