The future of the global food system

  title={The future of the global food system},
  author={H. Charles J. Godfray and Ian R. Crute and Lawrence James Haddad and David Lawrence and James F. Muir and Nicholas Nisbett and Jules Pretty and Sherman Robinson and Camilla Toulmin and Rosalind Whiteley},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
  pages={2769 - 2777}
  • H. Godfray, I. Crute, R. Whiteley
  • Published 27 September 2010
  • Economics
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Although food prices in major world markets are at or near a historical low, there is increasing concern about food security—the ability of the world to provide healthy and environmentally sustainable diets for all its peoples. This article is an introduction to a collection of reviews whose authors were asked to explore the major drivers affecting the food system between now and 2050. A first set of papers explores the main factors affecting the demand for food (population growth, changes in… 

Research on agro-food sustainability transitions: where are food security and nutrition?

The main outcome of sustainable agro-food systems is food and nutrition security. Nevertheless, about half of the global population is affected by food insecurity and malnutrition, a symptom of the

Agri-Food Markets in Qatar: Drivers, Trends, and Policy Responses

Agri-food markets are vital in achieving food security, especially for resource-poor, food-importing countries such as Qatar. The paper provides an overview of the evolution of agri-food markets in

Local Food Systems and Their Climate Impacts: A Life Cycle Perspective

The creation and maintenance of local food sovereignty and security is a top priority on political agendas. Food systems are characterized by complex dynamic nexuses at different levels and scales,

Food System Sustainability and Food Security: Connecting the Dots

There is an urgent need to design and implement appropriate policies to improve the economic, environmental and social sustainability of the current food consumption patterns and to achieve food and nutrition security in the Mediterranean region.

Variations in the Use of Resources for Food: Land, Nitrogen Fertilizer and Food Nexus

Future dietary changes will increase the global demand for agricultural resources per person. Food production requires several resources which are interrelated: land, water, nutrients and energy.

Small Farming and Food and Nutrition Security

Among the food system's outcomes, food and nutrition security remains a key concern also in developed countries. This chapter analyzes food and nutrition security issues, unpacking the four

Food Security and the Dynamics of Wheat and Maize Value Chains in Africa and Asia

There is an ongoing debate about how best to feed the growing world population in the long run and associated implications for research and development. Some call for a new Green Revolution to secure

Estimating Future Global Needs for Nitrogen Based on Regional Changes of Food Demand

The use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer is of great importance for global food supply, but it is also causing large environmental problems. The amount of fertilizer needed on a global scale is

Global Food Security: An Agricultural Perspective

Food security has always been very crucial issue to human civilizations through the ages. In the last decades there is a growing concern about the impacts of economic development/crisis and



Competition for water for the food system

This work model the potential effects of increases in municipal and industrial water demands, environmental flow requirements (EFRs) and changing water supplies given climate change and show that these factors cause an 18 per cent reduction in the availability of worldwide water for agriculture by 2050.

Food consumption trends and drivers

  • J. Kearney
  • Medicine
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
A picture of food consumption (availability) trends and projections to 2050, both globally and for different regions of the world, along with the drivers largely responsible for these observed

Urbanization and its implications for food and farming

The key issues with regard to agriculture and urbanization are whether the growing and changing demands for agricultural products from growing urban populations can be sustained while at the same time underpinning agricultural prosperity and reducing rural and urban poverty.

Food waste within food supply chains: quantification and potential for change to 2050

The analyses highlighted the scale of the problem, the scope for improved system efficiencies and the challenges of affecting behavioural change to reduce post-consumer waste in affluent populations.

Food security and marine capture fisheries: characteristics, trends, drivers and future perspectives

  • S. GarciaA. Rosenberg
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
The main changes affecting the sector are described, including geographical expansion, fishing capacity-building, natural variability, environmental degradation and climate change, which identifies drivers and future challenges, while suggesting how new science, policies and interventions could best address those challenges.

Managing uncertainty: a review of food system scenario analysis and modelling

  • M. ReillyD. Willenbockel
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
The case studies do not suggest Malthusian futures for a projected global population of 9 billion in 2050; but international trade will be a crucial determinant of outcomes; and the concept of sustainability across the dimensions of the food system has been inadequately explored so far.

Reaping the Benefits: Science and the sustainable intensification of global agriculture

Food security is an urgent challenge. It is a global problem that is set to worsen with current trends of population, consumption, climate change and resource scarcity. The last 50 years have seen

Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People

A multifaceted and linked global strategy is needed to ensure sustainable and equitable food security, different components of which are explored here.

Competition for land

How competition for land is influenced by other drivers and pressures is reviewed, land-use change over the past 20 years is examined, and future changes over the next 40 years are considered.

Energy and the food system

While agriculture remains dependent on fossil sources of energy, food prices will couple to fossil energy prices and food production will remain a significant contributor to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.