The future of seagrass meadows

  title={The future of seagrass meadows},
  author={Carlos M. Duarte},
  journal={Environmental Conservation},
  pages={192 - 206}
  • C. Duarte
  • Published 1 June 2002
  • Environmental Science
  • Environmental Conservation
Seagrasses cover about 0.1–0.2% of the global ocean, and develop highly productive ecosystems which fulfil a key role in the coastal ecosystem. Widespread seagrass loss results from direct human impacts, including mechanical damage (by dredging, fishing, and anchoring), eutrophication, aquaculture, siltation, effects of coastal constructions, and food web alterations; and indirect human impacts, including negative effects of climate change (erosion by rising sea level, increased storms… 

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