There has been a significant increase in minimally invasive surgery in gynaecology over the last 15 years, with approximately only one-third of hysterectomies for benign disease now performed via laparotomy. While robotic surgery offers considerable technical advantages over conventional laparoscopy and is associated with only a modest learning curve, the improvement in clinical outcomes is marginal and there are several disadvantages. There are increased set-up and operating times, the need to accommodate and maintain large sophisticated equipment, and the requirement for additional training. The preeminent issue regarding the place of robotic gynaecological surgery is cost. How this is addressed and contained will ultimately determine uptake in Australia. From the published literature to date, robotic surgery compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery is associated with marginal improvements in clinical outcomes for benign hysterectomy and endometrial cancer surgery, but little improvement for other benign gynaecological surgery or for cervical cancer surgery. Robotic surgery probably does improve clinical outcomes in obese and morbidly obese patients and is associated with improved ergonomics for the surgeon. It is likely that there will be continued substantial improvements in robotic surgical platforms into the foreseeable future and that robotic surgery will play an increasingly important role in gynaecological surgery in Australia.