The fusiform face area subserves face perception, not generic within-category identification

@article{GrillSpector2004TheFF,
  title={The fusiform face area subserves face perception, not generic within-category identification},
  author={Kalanit Grill-Spector and Nicholas A. Knouf and Nancy Kanwisher},
  journal={Nature Neuroscience},
  year={2004},
  volume={7},
  pages={555-562}
}
The function of the fusiform face area (FFA), a face-selective region in human extrastriate cortex, is a matter of active debate. Here we measured the correlation between FFA activity measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and behavioral outcomes in perceptual tasks to determine the role of the FFA in the detection and within-category identification of faces and objects. Our data show that FFA activation is correlated on a trial-by-trial basis with both detecting the presence… Expand
The Fusiform Face Area Is Engaged in Holistic, Not Parts-Based, Representation of Faces
TLDR
Multi-voxel pattern analysis is used to examine holistic representation of faces in the FFA by correlating spatial patterns of activation with behavioral performance in discriminating face parts with face configurations either present or absent, suggesting a holistic representation in the brain. Expand
The Fusiform and Occipital Face Areas Can Process a Nonface Category Equivalently to Faces
TLDR
Evidence is presented that, under certain conditions, bilateral FFA and OFA respond to a nonface category equivalently to faces when the within-category similarity of a face and a non face category is comparable and when the same cognitive strategies used to process a face are applied to aNonface category. Expand
Individuating Faces and Common Objects Produces Equal Responses in Putative Face-Processing Areas in the Ventral Occipitotemporal Cortex
TLDR
Findings from an fMRI study of identity discrimination of faces and objects demonstrate the FFA and OFA are equally responsive to processing stimuli at the level of individuals (i.e., individuation), be they human faces or non-face objects. Expand
The fusiform face area responds equivalently to faces and abstract shapes in the left and central visual fields
TLDR
Findings indicate that the fusiform face area, rather than being specialized for holistic face processing, mediates shape processing in the left and central visual fields. Expand
Greater sensitivity of the cortical face processing system to perceptually-equated face detection
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data indicates that FFA and OFA have a greater sensitivity to face detection signals and selectively support the initial process of face vs. non-face object perception. Expand
Characterizing the response to face pareidolia in human category-selective visual cortex
The neural mechanisms underlying face and object recognition are understood to originate in ventral occipital-temporal cortex. A key feature of the functional architecture of the visual ventralExpand
Cortical Thickness in Fusiform Face Area Predicts Face and Object Recognition Performance
TLDR
The results point to a domain-general role of FFA in object perception and reveal an interesting double dissociation that does not contrast faces and objects but rather living and nonliving objects. Expand
The M170 is selective for faces, not for expertise
TLDR
The results indicate that the early face processing mechanisms marked by the M170 are involved in the identification of faces in particular, not in the Identification of any objects of expertise. Expand
Role of fusiform and anterior temporal cortical areas in facial recognition
TLDR
It is demonstrated that (in addition to FFA) a small bilateral site in the anterior tip of the collateral sulcus ('AT'; the anterior temporal face patch) is selectively activated during recognition of faces but not houses (a non-face object). Expand
Individual differences in cortical face selectivity predict behavioral performance in face recognition
TLDR
This study used the individual differences approach to correlate participants' face selectivity in the face-selective regions with their behavioral performance in face recognition measured outside the scanner in a large sample of healthy adults to provide empirical evidence on the validity of using object selectivity as a neural signature in defining object- selective regions in the human brain. Expand
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