The fundamental frequency variation spectrum

  title={The fundamental frequency variation spectrum},
  author={Kornel Laskowski and Mattias Heldner and Jens Edlund},
This paper describes a recently introduced vector-valued representation of fundamental frequency variation – the FFV spectrum – which has a number of desirable properties. In particular, it is instantaneous, continuous, distributed, and well-suited to application of standard acoustic modeling techniques. We show what the representation looks like, and how it can be used to model prosodic sequences. 
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