The functions of self-mutilation.

  title={The functions of self-mutilation.},
  author={Karen L. Suyemoto},
  journal={Clinical psychology review},
  volume={18 5},
  • K. Suyemoto
  • Published 1 August 1998
  • Psychology
  • Clinical psychology review

Self-mutilating behaviour of psychiatric inpatients

Anorexia, masochism, self-mutilation, and autoerotism: the spider mother.

In summary, both self-mutilators and eating-disordered individuals come from dysfunctional homes with a very controlling mother and usually absent father, and are depressed and obsessive, attached to their mothers, who discourage attempts at emancipation.

The Assessment of Self-Mutilation

A number of complexities in identifying self-mutilating behaviors are discussed, a variety of clinical correlates of this phenomenon are examined, important assessment considerations are elucidated, and a framework for evaluating individuals at high risk for perpetrating acts of self- Mutilation is advanced.

Self-mutilation and pharmacotherapy.

  • B. Smith
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychiatry (Edgmont (Pa. : Township))
  • 2005
Clinical reports specifically demonstrating reductions in self-mutilation support the use of SSRIs, naltrexone, atypical antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and clonidine in the treatment of self-Mutilation.

Self-mutilating behavior in patients with dissociative disorders: the role of innate hypnotic capacity.

The assumption that patients with DD are at high risk for self-mutilating behavior and points to the necessity of routine screening forSelf-mutilation behavior as well as the hypnotic capacity which may constitute a high risk of self-injury in this patient group is strongly supported.

A functional approach to the assessment of self-mutilative behavior.

Most adolescents engaged in SMB for automatic reinforcement, although a sizable portion endorsed social reinforcement functions as well, and the results supported the structural validity and reliability of the hypothesized functional model of SMB.

Contextual features and behavioral functions of self-mutilation among adolescents.

Considering the functions of SMB clarified the relations between SMB and other clinical constructs reported in previous studies such as suicide attempts, posttraumatic stress, and social concerns and has direct implications for the assessment and treatment ofSMB.

Oxcarbazepine for self-mutilating bulimic patients.

SMB differs from suicidal behaviour regarding intent, frequency and methods used for self-inflicted harm and the association with developmental disorders, mental retardation and cluster B personality disorders (impulsive subtype), is common.

Self-Mutilation and Homeless Youth: The Role of Family Abuse, Street Experiences, and Mental Disorders

Self-mutilation, which is the act of deliberately harming oneself, has been overlooked in studies of homeless and runaway youth. Given their high rates of abuse and mental health disorders, which are

The challenge of self-mutilation: a review.

Diagnostic issues in self-mutilation.

It is proposed that a syndrome of repetitive superficial or moderate self-mutilation should be regarded as an axis I impulse disorder, which coexists with character pathology.

Psychological models of self-mutilation.

  • I. Bennun
  • Psychology
    Suicide & life-threatening behavior
  • 1984
Having a number of factors in mind allows for flexibility and enables clinicians to test particular hypotheses during management and gives them the opportunity to alter intervention accordingly.

Self-Mutilation: Theory, Research, and Treatment

I. The Scope of the Problem.The Spectrum of Self-Mutilative Behavior: An Introduction and Overview. Distinguishing Self-Mutilation from Suicide: A Review and Commentary. Distinguishing

Varieties of Pathological Self-mutilation.

Skin cutting and burning, the most common type of self-mutilation, is often associated with personality disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and multiple personality disorder and a specific Axis I impulse disorder known as Repetitive Self Mutilation may be diagnosed.

Self-mutilation and eating disorders.

Patients with eating disorders are at high risk for self-mutilation (e.g., skin cutting and burning), and vice versa. Evidence for this linkage comes from a literature review, from patient

Why patients mutilate themselves.

  • A. Favazza
  • Psychology
    Hospital & community psychiatry
  • 1989
Patients' explanations for self-mutilation which frequently focus on religions or sexual themes are examined, and scientific explanations that draw on biological, psychological, social, and cultural theories are discussed.

Self-mutilation in personality disorders: psychological and biological correlates.

The results demonstrate the contribution of severe character pathology, aggression, impulsivity, anxiety, and anger to self-mutilation and provide preliminary support for the hypothesis of underlying serotonergic dysfunction facilitating self-Mutilation.

The psychophysiology of self-mutilation.

Results indicated that self-mutilative behavior is maintained by its reinforcing tension-reducing qualities, and a lag between psychophysiological and psychological response to the self- Mutilation act was evident.


While most recent research has disproved the idea that normal adolescence is characterized by "storm and stress," 10% to 20% of adolescents exhibit severe emotional disturbance. One behavior that