Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and its role in hypertension.
The receptor-activity-modifying protein (RAMP) 1 is a single-transmembrane-domain protein associated with the calcitonin-like receptor (CLR) to reveal a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor. The extracellular region of RAMP1 contains six conserved cysteines. Here, Cys(27) in myc-tagged human (h) RAMP1 was deleted (hRAMP1Delta1), and Cys(40), Cys(57), Cys(72), Cys(82) and Cys(104) were each replaced by Ala. In COS-7 cells expressing hCLR/myc-hRAMP1Delta1 or -C82A, cell surface expression, [(125)I]halphaCGRP binding and cAMP formation in response to halphaCGRP were similar to those of hCLR/myc-hRAMP1. Cell surface expression of myc-hRAMP1-C72A was reduced to 24+/-7% of myc-hRAMP1, and that of -C40A, -C57A and -C104A was below 10%. [(125)I]halphaCGRP binding of hCLR/myc-hRAMP1-C72A was 13+/-3% of hCLR/myc-hRAMP1 and it was undetectable in hCLR/myc-hRAMP1-C40A-, -C57A- and -C104A-expressing cells. Maximal cAMP stimulation by halphaCGRP in hCLR/myc-hRAMP1-C40A- and -C72A-expressing cells was 14+/-1% and 33+/-2% of that of the hCLR/myc-hRAMP1 with comparable EC(50). But cAMP stimulation was abolished in cells expressing hCLR/myc-hRAMP1-C57A and -C104A. In conclusion, CGRP receptor function was not affected by the deletion of Cys(27) or the substitution of Cys(82) by Ala in hRAMP1, but it was impaired by the substitution of Cys(40), Cys(57), Cys(72) and Cys(104) by Ala. These four cysteines are required for the transport of hRAMP1 together with the CLR to the cell surface.