The fossil record and the origin of ticks (Acari: Parasitiformes: Ixodida)

  title={The fossil record and the origin of ticks (Acari: Parasitiformes: Ixodida)},
  author={Jos{\'e} de la Fuente},
  journal={Experimental \& Applied Acarology},
  • J. Fuente
  • Published 2004
  • Biology, Geography
  • Experimental & Applied Acarology
Ticks are obligate hematophagous ectoparasites of terrestrial vertebrates. Hypotheses on the origin of ticks have been proposed based on tick-host associations and the total-evidence approach analysis of morphological and molecular characters. Nevertheless, the origin of ticks remains a controversial issue. Here, I revised the tick fossil record including reports from the literature and the description of 7 new specimens. The analysis of fossil ticks provides few clues to tick evolution but… 
The fossil record and the origin of ticks revisited
The fossil record of ticks has been classically used to discern the probable vicariance events of these arthropods, and to date the split moments of the different lineages. Although new techniques
Argasid Ticks of Palearctic Bats: Distribution, Host Selection, and Zoonotic Importance
The geographical range, host selection and vectorial potential for bat-specialist soft ticks occurring in the Western Palearctic (chiefly Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East) are presented.
Effects of tectonics and large scale climatic changes on the evolutionary history of Hyalomma ticks.
Color Patterning in Hard Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae)
The main functions of color patterns recognized in the animal kingdom are summarized— thermoregulation, aposematism, camouflage, aggregation, mate recognition, and sexual signaling—and the potential of each of these to explain ornamentation in hard ticks is evaluated.
Tick-crocodilian interactions: a review, with the first record of tick (Acari: Ixodidae) infestation in the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), and a concise host-parasite index
The first record of tick infestation of the saltwater crocodile is reported along with the first case of infestation by Amblyomma cordiferum on Cuvier’s dwarf caiman.
Haematophagous Arthropods in Baltic Amber
The percentage of species of blood-sucking dipterans in the Baltic amber forest was similar to that in the extant fauna of Poland (3.4%, and 3.2%, respectively).
Geological history and phylogeny of Chelicerata.
  • J. Dunlop
  • Geology, Biology
    Arthropod structure & development
  • 2010


[The coevolution of ixodid ticks and terrestrial vertebrates].
Paleontologic and zoogeographic data speak in favour of Mesozoic origin of ixodid ticks. The absence of strict restrictions for the feeding on unusual species of hosts has caused the domination of
Phylogeny of hard- and soft-tick taxa (Acari: Ixodida) based on mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences.
  • W. Black, J. Piesman
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1994
The derived phylogeny failed to support a monophyletic relationship among members of Ornithodorinae and supported placement of Argasinae as basal to the Ixodidae, suggesting that hard ticks may have originated from an Argas-like ancestor, and supports earlier suggestions thathard ticks did not evolve until the late Cretaceous.
First fossil soft ticks,Ornithodoros antiquus n. sp. (Acari: Argasidae) in Dominican amber with evidence of their mammalian host
A male and female soft tick,Ornithodoros antiquus n. sp. (Acari: Argasidae) from Dominican Republic amber are described. This represents the first description of a fossil soft tick. The fossils share
Evolution of ticks.
An analysis of tick-host and -habitat associations and biogeographical patterns, in the context of the newly derived phylogenies, suggests that much of the existing host-association patterns may be explained as artifacts of biogeography and ecological specificity.
First Mesozoic Record of a Parasitiform Mite: a Larval Argasid Tick in Cretaceous Amber (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae)
Earlier hypotheses that Carios arose after the isolation of South America are challenged but not rejected by the discovery of this fossil, and Salvaging these hypotheses seems most compatible with dispersal on birds, an idea consistent with the presence of a small feather in the same outcrop in which the tick fossil was found.
First fossil tick (Acari: Ixodidae) in New World amber
ABSTRACT A male tick in the genus Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae) was found in amber from the Dominican Republic. This is the first report of a fossil tick in amber from the New World; it is also the
Phylogeny of the hard ticks (Ixodidae) inferred from 18S rRNA indicates that the genus Aponomma is paraphyletic.
The phylogeny of ticks and their closest known mite relatives using 18S rRNA sequences indicated that the suborder Holothyrida is more closely related to Ixodida than to Mesostigmata, the group used as outgroup in earlier molecular studies.
Argasid and nuttalliellid ticks as parasites and vectors.
A total-evidence phylogeny of ticks provides insights into the evolution of life cycles and biogeography.
The total-evidence phylogeny indicates an African origin for the Rhipicephalinae sensu lato and some subgenera of the genera Hyalomma and Rhip icephalus are paraphyletic with respect to other sub genera in these genera.
Biology of ticks
This chapter discusses the ecology, Behavior, and Host-Parasite Interactions of ticks, as well as the control of Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases.