The formation of the Kuiper belt by the outward transport of bodies during Neptune's migration

@article{Levison2003TheFO,
  title={The formation of the Kuiper belt by the outward transport of bodies during Neptune's migration},
  author={Harold F. Levison and Alessandro Morbidelli},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2003},
  volume={426},
  pages={419-421}
}
The ‘dynamically cold Kuiper belt’ consists of objects on low-inclination orbits between ∼40 and ∼50 au from the Sun. It currently contains material totalling less than a tenth the mass of the Earth, which is surprisingly low because, according to accretion models, the objects would not have grown to their present size unless the cold Kuiper belt originally contained tens of Earth masses of solids. Although several mechanisms have been proposed to produce the observed mass depletion, they all… 
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