The formation of flashbulb memories

@article{Conway1994TheFO,
  title={The formation of flashbulb memories},
  author={Martin A. Conway and Stephen J. Anderson and Steen Folke Larsen and C. M. Donnelly and Mark A. McDaniel and Alastair McClelland and R. E. Rawles and Robert H. Logie},
  journal={Memory \& Cognition},
  year={1994},
  volume={22},
  pages={326-343}
}
A large group of subjects took part in a multinational test-retest study to investigate the formation of flashbulb (FS) memories for learning tie news of the resignation of the British prime minister, Margaret Thatcher. Over 86% of the U.K. subjects were found to have FB memories nearly 1 year after the resignation; their memory reports were characterized by spontaneous, accurate, and full recall of event details, including minutiae. In contrast, less than 29%a of the non-U.K. subjects had FB… 
Metamemory knowledge and the accuracy of flashbulb memories
TLDR
Psychology students at the Jagiellonian University recalled the circumstances of hearing about the 11 September terrorist attack on the United States three times, i.e., within 21 days of the attack, in January 2002, and finally in June 2002, when half of the students participated in an intensive 30‐hour course on autobiographical memory.
Features of Autobiographical Memory: Theoretical and Empirical Issues in the Measurement of Flashbulb Memory
TLDR
A measurement model for FBMs as compared with event memory (EM) was tested by hypothesizing that a categorical, rather than dimensional, approach would be more appropriate to account for FBM data, which revealed that FBMData could be appropriately modeled through LCM, whereas for EM, LTM and LCM exhibited some inadequacy.
Misleading postevent information and flashbulb memories
TLDR
This study created the conditions of a real discussion concerning the past in an experimental setting and examined their effect on subsequent recollections of important autobiographical events and the implications for understanding distortion mechanisms in flashbulb memories are discussed.
Flashbulb and factual memories: the case of Rabin's assassination
Similarities and differences between factual memories (FTM) and flashbulb memories (FBM) of the assassination of Israel's Prime Minister, Itzhak Rabin, were explored. About two weeks after the
Flashbulb memories of the Charlie Hebdo attack.
Flashbulb memories refer to the vivid recall of the circumstances of first learning about significant public events. Our paper assesses whether these memories were triggered by the attack on the
Flashbulb memories of the Pope's resignation: Explicit and implicit measures across differing religious groups
TLDR
The present evidence supports the idea that FBMs are special autobiographical memories which remain detailed, certain and consistent over time.
Latent variable models for the measurement of flashbulb memories: a comparative approach
Flashbulb memories are defined as vivid, long-lasting, and detailed memories for the circumstances in which people learned of shocking and important public events, that is the so-called reception
Flashbulb memories in older adults.
TLDR
The age-related deficit in flashbulb memory is related to source amnesia and to a deficit in memory for context and the relationship between the encoding and rehearsal variables and the occurrence of flash Bulb memory.
Distinct processes shape flashbulb and event memories
TLDR
Structural equation modeling showed that flashbulb memory and event memory could be clearly differentiated and were determined by two separate pathways and importance predicted emotional intensity, which predicted the frequency of overt and covert rehearsal, which enhanced the accuracy and certainty of event memory.
Consistency, Consolidation, and Cognition in Autobiographical Memories: a Flashbulb Memory Approach
Flashbulb memories are highly vivid and long-lasting memories for events that are emotionally significant and personally important. These memories are held in very high confidence in accuracy over an
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 REFERENCES
Flashbulb memories: Special, but not so special
TLDR
It was concluded that the loss of information during one year contradicts the notion that flashbulb memories persist in absolute accuracy over time, as has been claimed in previous studies.
Flashbulb memories for the space shuttle disaster: A tale of two theories
Remembering reconsidered: Memory for randomly sampled autobiographical events
This chapter describes two empirical studies of autobiographical memory that focused on the personal memory component of autobiographical memory. These experiments investigated the characteristics of
Vivid memories
Remembering Reconsidered: Ecological and Traditional Approaches to the Study of Memory
TLDR
The author reveals new vistas in the study of memory, including Continuities between ecological and laboratory approaches to memory, and investigates the content and organization of autobiographical memories.
Organization of Public Events in Long-Term Memory
A model of "historical memory" is proposed. This model identifies three primary levels of organization (the news event, the public narrative, the historical period) and allows public events to be
Phantom flashbulbs: False recollections of hearing the news about Challenger.
When I first heard about the explosion I was sitting in my freshman dorm room with my roommate and we were watching TV. It came on a news flash and we were both totally shocked. I was really upset
Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences
Contents: Preface. Introduction. Bivariate Correlation and Regression. Multiple Regression/Correlation With Two or More Independent Variables. Data Visualization, Exploration, and Assumption
Linear structural equations with latent variables
An interdependent multivariate linear relations model based on manifest, measured variables as well as unmeasured and unmeasurable latent variables is developed. The latent variables include primary
...
...