The formation of brown dwarfs


We review five mechanisms for forming brown dwarfs: (i) turbulent fragmentation of molecular clouds, producing very low-mass prestellar cores by shock compression; (ii) collapse and fragmentation of more massive prestellar cores; (iii) disc fragmentation; (iv) premature ejection of protostellar embryos from their natal cores; and (v) photo-erosion of pre… (More)


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