The forkhead transcription factor Foxo1 links insulin signaling to Pdx1 regulation of pancreatic beta cell growth.

Diabetes is caused by an absolute (type 1) or relative (type 2) deficiency of insulin-producing beta cells. The mechanisms governing replication of terminally differentiated beta cells and neogenesis from progenitor cells are unclear. Mice lacking insulin receptor substrate-2 (Irs2) develop beta cell failure, suggesting that insulin signaling is required to… (More)