The foramen spinosum: a landmark in middle fossa surgery

@article{Krayenbhl2008TheFS,
  title={The foramen spinosum: a landmark in middle fossa surgery},
  author={Niklaus Krayenb{\"u}hl and Gustavo Rassier Isolan and Ossama Al-Mefty},
  journal={Neurosurgical Review},
  year={2008},
  volume={31},
  pages={397-402}
}
The foramen spinosum is an easily identifiable landmark in microsurgery of the middle cranial fossa, and knowledge of the variations in its relationship to the surrounding neurovascular structures is important when operating in this area. We studied the anatomical relationship of the foramen spinosum to the foramen ovale, the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve, the greater superficial petrosal nerve, and the petrous part of the internal carotid artery in 12 cadaver heads. We also tried… 
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MORPHOLOGICAL AND MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF FORAMEN SPINOSUM
Address for Correspondence: Dr. Khaleel N, Assistant Professor of Anatomy, St. John’s Medical College and Hospital, Koramangala, Bangalore-560034, Karnataka, India. E-Mail: drkhaleel2013@gmail.com
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The diameters of both superior orbital fissures and ovale foramina indicated the asymmetry of the neurocranium.
Morphometric analysis of the foramen spinosum and variations of its shape, number, and relation to the spine of the sphenoid bone
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The mean diameter of the foramen spinosum was larger than reports from other previous studies, and should be understood for surgeons who approach the middle cranial fossa for different procedures.
Proximity of the middle meningeal artery and maxillary artery to the mandibular head and mandibular neck as revealed by three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography
The close topographic relationship between vascular and osseous structures in the condylar and subcondylar region and marked variability in the arterial course has been revealed by both imaging and
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