The first skull of Australopithecus boisei

  title={The first skull of Australopithecus boisei},
  author={Gen Suwa and Berhane Abrha Asfaw and Yonas Beyene and Tim D. White and Shigehiro Katoh and Shinji Nagaoka and Hideo Nakaya and Kazuhiro Uzawa and Paul R. Renne and Giday Woldegabriel},
Australopithecus boisei was first described from a cranium recovered in 1959 from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania,. This and subsequent finds, mostly from Kenya's Turkana basin, resulted in its characterization as a specialized Australopithecus species with a hyper-robust masticatory apparatus,,. A distinct A. boisei facial morphology has been emphasized to differentiate robust Australopithecus lineages from East and South Africa. A preference for closed and/or wet habitats has been hypothesized. Here… 
The Drimolen skull: the most complete australopithecine cranium and mandible to date
Owing to the excellent preservation of this new skull, it is now possible to demonstrate that P. robustus shows a greater degree of intraspecific variability in both morphology and size, indicating greater sexual dimorphism in this species, than was previously thought.
Early Pleistocene Homo erectus fossils from Konso, southern Ethiopia
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Renewed investigations at Laetoli in northern Tanzania have led to the recovery of a number of new fossil hominins. A lower canine and a mandibular fragment from the Upper Laetolil Beds (3.63–3.85
Testing the taxonomic integrity of Paranthropus boisei sensu stricto.
There are no grounds for rejecting the "single-species" hypothesis for P. boisei s.s., despite the substantial geological time embraced by the mandibular corpus hypodigm, and the predicted value of lnISD, when corrected for taphonomic factors, is comparable to the sexual dimorphism observed within Gorilla.
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Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa
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From Trees to the Ground: The Significance of Australopithecus anamensis in Human Evolution
  • Y. Haile-Selassie
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Journal of Anthropological Research
  • 2021
Recent fossil discoveries of early human ancestors from paleoanthropological sites in Africa and elsewhere have demonstrated how various phases of human evolutionary history were much more
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P. boisei is found to have a low degree of variability relative to extant primates for variables shown to be generally useful for testing taxonomic hypotheses, and three hypotheses about the factors contributing to craniodental variation in extant primate taxa are presented.
Cranial variability in East African ‘Robust’ hominis
There is insufficient evidence to refute the hypothesis that all East African ‘robust’ fossils belong to A. (P.) boisei, but diachronic variation is found to be an important source of variability for cranial capacity.


New Australopithecus boisei calvaria from East Lake Turkana, Kenya.
The calvaria of an adult Australopithecus boisei from Area 104, Koobi Fora, Lake Turkana, is described and it is presumed to be an adult male, based on its size and the great development of features associated with the masticatory apparatus.
Paranthropus boisei: an example of evolutionary stasis?
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Variation among early Homo crania from Olduvai Gorge and the Koobi Fora region.
  • G. P. Rightmire
  • Environmental Science
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1993
There is now substantial support for the view that in the Turkana and perhaps also in the Olduvai assemblages, there is more variation than would be expected among male and female conspecifics.
Subnasal morphological variation in extant hominoids and fossil hominids
A quantitative and qualitative assessment of subnasal morphology in samples of extant great apes and humans, and in all currently available African hominid specimens that historically have been referred to Australopithecus, Paranthropus, H. erectus and Homo habilis, indicates that morphological patterns sort among extant and fossil hominoid taxa.
Mandibular postcanine dentition from the Shungura Formation, Ethiopia: crown morphology, taxonomic allocations, and Plio-Pleistocene hominid evolution.
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Human paleontological evidence relevant to language behavior.
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Australopithecus bahrelghazali, une nouvelle espèce d'Hominidé ancien de la région de Koro Toro (Tchad)
A mandible and first upper premolar discovered in North Chad by the Franco-Chadian Paleoanthropological Project demonstrate for the first time the presence of an australopithecine west of the Rift
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2.5-Myr Australopithecus boisei from west of Lake Turkana, Kenya
The primitive morphology of these early A. boisei suggests that robust and hyper-robust Australopithecus developed many of their common features in parallel and further that A. africanus is unlikely to have been ancestral to A. Boisei.
Oldest Homo and Pliocene biogeography of the Malawi Rift
The evidence suggests that Pliocene hominids originated in the eastern African tropical domain and dispersed to southern Africa only during more favourable ecological circumstances.