The first migrants to Madagascar and their introduction of plants: linguistic and ethnological evidence

  title={The first migrants to Madagascar and their introduction of plants: linguistic and ethnological evidence},
  author={Philippe Beaujard},
  journal={Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa},
  pages={169 - 189}
  • P. Beaujard
  • Published 20 June 2011
  • Geography
  • Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa
The Austronesians who settled in Madagascar in the first millennium of the Christian Era were probably different from the Austronesians who reached the East African coast earlier at different times, bringing bananas, taro and yam (Blench 2010). Largely based on linguistic data, this article proposes that four plants were brought by the first Austronesians in Madagascar: rice, the greater yam, coconut and Indian saffron. These plants helped the Austronesians to begin the process of colonising… 
Madagascar and Africa, Austronesian migration
No large movements of Austronesians similar to that of the Lapita culture expansion in the Pacific are to be found in the Indian Ocean. However, Austronesian migrations towards the western Indian
Austronesians in Madagascar: A Critical Assessment of the Works of Paul Ottino and Philippe Beaujard
The history of contacts between East Africa and island South East Asia (henceforth ISEA) is a long one. Based on current research, this history is punctuated by at least three important events. The
Ancient crops provide first archaeological signature of the westward Austronesian expansion
New archaeobotanical data are presented that show that Southeast Asian settlers brought Asian crops with them when they settled in Africa, providing the first, to the authors' knowledge, reliable archaeological window into the Southeast Asian colonization of Madagascar.
East Africa: Dawn of the Swahili Culture
From a linguistic point of view, the “Zanjian” phase appears to be marked not only by a differentiation of the “Proto-Sabaki” language (spoken by Bantus settling between the Tana River and
A Genomic Investigation of the Malagasy Confirms the Highland–Coastal Divide, and the Lack of Middle Eastern Gene Flow
The island of Madagascar is among the last of the major landmasses to have been populated by humans, yet this colonization remains one of the least well understood. Madagascar is the world’s fourth
Migration and Interaction between Madagascar and Eastern Africa, 500 BCE–1000 CE: An Archaeological Perspective
Despite recent advances in the field of genetic studies, very little is known about either the first colonisation on Madagascar or about the contacts between the populations of Madagascar, the Austronesian influence zone, and the African mainland.
Mitochondrial DNA and the Y chromosome suggest the settlement of Madagascar by Indonesian sea nomad populations
A combination of phylogeographic analysis of genetic distances, haplotype comparisons and inference of parental populations by linear optimization suggests that Malagasy derive from multiple regional sources in Indonesia, with a focus on eastern Borneo, southern Sulawesi and the Lesser Sunda islands.
Genetic origins and diversity of bushpigs from Madagascar (Potamochoerus larvatus, family Suidae)
Investigation of the immunologically important SLA-DQB1 peptide-binding region showed a different immune repertoire of bushpigs in Madagascar compared to those on the African mainland, with seventeen exon-2 haplotypes unique to bushpig in Madagascar (2/28 haplotypes shared).
Genetic evidence and historical theories of the Asian and African origins of the present Malagasy population.
The extent to which genetic results have settled historical questions concerning the origin of the Malagasy population is reviewed and a scenario based on historical texts and genomic results is proposed.
East Africa and Madagascar in the Indian Ocean world
The Indian Ocean has long been a forum for contact, trade and the transfer of goods, technologies and ideas between geographically distant groups of people. Another, less studied, outcome of


Bananas and Plantains in Africa: Re-interpreting the linguistic evidence
Phytolith evidence for early domesticated bananas in Cameroun supports a conclusion reached previously from a combination of botanical and linguistic evidence, namely that plantains reached West
New palaeozoogeographical evidence for the settlement of Madagascar
The island of Madagascar split from the African mainland some 50 million years ago, considerably prior to the evolution of humans and indeed primates. Its isolation permitted the evolution of a
The culture history of Madagascar
Madagascar's culture is a unique fusion of elements drawn from the western, northern, and eastern shores of the Indian Ocean, and its past has fascinated many scholars, yet systematic archaeological
Malay Influence on Malagasy: Linguistic and Culture-Historical Implications
INTRODUCTION. In 1951 0. C. Dahl wrote a dissertation on the relationship between Malagasy and Maanyan, a language of the SoutheastBarito region in South Kalimantan. Acting on a suggestion from W.
Pastoralists, Warriors and Colonists: The Archaeology of Southern Madagascar
This book presents the results of archaeological research in the extreme south of Madagascar between 1991 and 2003, and provides a synthesis of the regions archaeology. Madagascar is an island with
The dual origin of the Malagasy in Island Southeast Asia and East Africa: evidence from maternal and paternal lineages.
The most likely origin of the Asia-derived paternal lineages found in the Malagasy is Borneo, which agrees strikingly with the linguistic evidence that the languages spoken around the Barito River in southern Bornea are the closest extant relatives of MalagASY languages.
Why Bananas Matter: An introduction to the history of banana domestication
This volume is the first attempt to synthesise the latest ‘state of the art’ research across a range of disciplines (either in combination or separately), including contributions from archaeobotany, genetics, linguistics and phytogeography.
Asian roots of the Malagasy; A linguistic perspective
The idea that Malagasy is related to the languages of insular Southeast Asia is very old. It can be traced back to 1603, when Frederick de Houtman published his Spraeck ende Woordboeck, inde
First archaeological evidence of banana cultivation in central Africa during the third millennium before present
Abstract. Phytoliths recovered from refuse pits excavated in central Cameroon and dated to ca 2500 B.P. have been positively identified for the first time in Africa as derived from Musa the
Early Seafarers of the Comoro Islands: the Dembeni Phase of the IXth-Xth Centuries AD
Although previous volumes of Azania have carried articles and notes on Madagascar and Mozambique as well as allusions to the Comoro Islands (as in Derek Nurse's study of Swahili linguistic history in