The first fossil owls (Aves: Strigiformes) from the Paleogene of Asia and a review of the fossil record of Strigiformes

@article{Kurochkin2011TheFF,
  title={The first fossil owls (Aves: Strigiformes) from the Paleogene of Asia and a review of the fossil record of Strigiformes},
  author={Evgeny N. Kurochkin and Gareth J. Dyke},
  journal={Paleontological Journal},
  year={2011},
  volume={45},
  pages={445-458}
}
  • E. Kurochkin, G. Dyke
  • Published 27 July 2011
  • Geography, Environmental Science, Biology
  • Paleontological Journal
The fossil record of owls (Strigiformes) is one of the most extensive among the neornithine birds, yet at the same time largely restricted geographically to Europe and North America. Various fossil owls are known from the Paleocene (ca. 60 Ma) to Recent. Here we present the first taxonomic description of new species of Paleogene owls from Asia, two new taxa from the Eocene and Oligocene of Mongolia. The anatomy of Heterostrix tatsinensis gen. et sp. nov., represented by a complete Early… 
Skeleton of a New Owl from the Early Eocene of North America (Aves, Strigiformes) with an Accipitrid-Like Foot Morphology
TLDR
It is hypothesize that a large-sized owl from Wasatchian strata of the Willwood Formation used its feet to dispatch prey items in a hawk-like manner, whereas extant owls kill prey with their beak.
The First Fossil Owl (Aves, Strigiformes) From the Paleogene of Africa
The relatively extensive fossil record of owls (Aves, Strigiformes) in North America and Europe stands in stark contrast to the paucity of fossil strigiformes from Africa. The first occurrence of a
An assessment of the Cenozoic avifauna of Switzerland, with a description of two fossil owls (Aves, Strigiformes)
The fossil skeletal record of birds from the Cenozoic of Switzerland is rather poor, despite the fact that avian tracks have been described from twenty tracksites. We review the Swiss fossil skeletal
New Fossil Birds from the Earliest Eocene of Mongolia
TLDR
Bird fossils from the earliest Eocene Bumban Member of the Naranbulag Formation in central Mongolia are reported that add to the known record from Asia from just after this boundary and have the potential to further inform the understanding of the early biogeography of these clades.
The world’s smallest owl, the earliest unambiguous charadriiform bird, and other avian remains from the early Eocene Nanjemoy Formation of Virginia (USA)
TLDR
All bird fossils from the Nanjemoy Formation are three-dimensionally preserved and, therefore, allow a detailed assessment of osteological features, which complements studies of compression fossils from lagerstätten-type fossil sites.
Large anseriform ( Aves : Anatidae : Romainvilliinae ? ) fossils from the Late Eocene of Xinjiang , China
Two new avian fossils from the Late Eocene of Xinjiang in western China appear to document the possible first occurrence of the extinct anseriform group Romainvilliinae (Anatidae) within China and
New Bird Taxa (Aves: Galliformes, Gruiformes) from the Early Eocene of Mongolia
Abstract New bird taxa are described from the early Eocene Bumban Member of the Tsagaan-Khushuu locality in southern Mongolia. Bumbanortyx transitoria gen. et sp. nov. is a small galliform bird that
New bird remains from the early Eocene Nanjemoy Formation of Virginia (USA), including the first records of the Messelasturidae, Psittacopedidae, and Zygodactylidae from the Fisher/Sullivan site
TLDR
The hypothesis that early Eocene avifaunas featured a high taxonomic diversity, but that higher-level clades showed low species richness is supported, while it is hypothesised that this may indicate low rates of cladogenetic diversification in a rather homogenous paleoenvironment.
A new barn owl (Aves: Strigiformes: Tytonidae) from the Middle Miocene of the Nördlinger Ries (Germany) with remarks on the history of the owls
TLDR
A new taxon of barn owl is described from the Middle Miocene localities at Steinberg and Goldberg in the Nordlinger Ries (Southern Germany) and shows some characters intermediate with Strigidae.
Cenozoic phoenicopteriform birds from central Asia
  • N. Zelenkov
  • Biology, Geography
    Paleontological Journal
  • 2013
A new phoenicopteriform bird, Palaelodus kurochkini sp. nov., is described from the terminal middle Miocene of Mongolia (the Sharga locality) on the basis of a partial tibiotarsus and tentatively
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
A New Presbyornithid Bird (Aves, Anseriformes) from the Late Cretaceous of Southern Mongolia
TLDR
Describing Teviornis confirms the presence of members of the neornithine clade Anseriformes (“waterfowl”) in the Late Cretaceous, as has been suggested previously on the basis of much less diagnostic fossil material as well as from clade divergence estimates founded on molecular sequence data.
A small loon and a new species of large owl from the Rupelian of Belgium (Aves: Gaviiformes, Strigiformes)
TLDR
It is detailed that there are differences in the higher level taxonomic composition of the known early Oligocene avifaunas of northern and southern Europe, which may reflect true zoogeographic facts owing to a different climate and vegetation.
The Paleogene fossil record of birds in Europe
  • G. Mayr
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2005
TLDR
The phylogenetic position of Paleogene birds indicates that diversification of the crown‐groups of modern avian‘families’ did not take place before the Oligocene, irrespective of their relative position within Neornithes (crown‐group birds).
THE POSTCRANIAL OSTEOLOGY AND PHYLOGENETIC POSITION OF THE MIDDLE EOCENE MESSELASTUR GRATULATOR PETERS, 1994—A MORPHOLOGICAL LINK BETWEEN OWLS (STRIGIFORMES) AND FALCONIFORM BIRDS?
TLDR
The Messelasturidae provide a morphological link between Strigiformes and Falconiformes (diurnal birds of prey), and support the highly disputed falconiform affinities of owls in combining derived tibiotarsus and tarsometatarsus characters of owl with a more plesiomorphic, ‘falcon-’ or ‘hawk-like', skull morphology.
Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion
TLDR
A phylogenetic (cladistic) analysis of 150 taxa of Neornithes, including exemplars from all non-passeriform families, and subordinal representatives of Passeriformes, confirmed the topology among outgroup Theropoda and achieved robust resolution at virtually all levels of the NeornIthes.
Fossil gap analysis supports early Tertiary origin of trophically diverse avian orders
TLDR
The quality of the fossil record is consistent with the classical view that trophically diverse extant bird orders arose and diversified rapidly following the widespread extinction of other terrestrial groups at the K-T boundary.
The status of Minerva antiqua, Aquila ferox and Aquila lydekkeri as fossil birds. American Museum novitates ; no. 680
In study of fossil bird material in the American Museum of Natural History, R. W. Shufeldt in 1913 named three species that he considered fossil eagles,' namely, Aquila antiqua, A. ferox, and A.
Mesozoic Birds: Above the Heads of Dinosaurs
Preface Part I: The Archosaurian Heritage of Birds 1. The Debate on Avian Ancestry: Phylogeny, Function, and Fossils LAWRENCE M. WITMER 2. Cladistic Approaches to the Relationships of Birds to Other
The deep divergences of neornithine birds: a phylogenetic analysis of morphological characters
TLDR
A broad array of morphological characters (including both cranial and postcranial characters) are analyzed for an ingroup densely sampling Neornithes, with crown clade outgroups used to polarize these characters.
The Ogygoptyngidae, a new family of owls from the Paleocene of North America
TLDR
Detailed comparisons of this Early Paleocene form from Colorado (USA) have clearly demonstrated that it is distinct from North American protostrigids and all European Palaeogene owls and that It is intermediate between the modern typical owls (Strigidae) and barn owl (Tytonidae).
...
...