The first fossil owls (Aves: Strigiformes) from the Paleogene of Asia and a review of the fossil record of Strigiformes

  title={The first fossil owls (Aves: Strigiformes) from the Paleogene of Asia and a review of the fossil record of Strigiformes},
  author={Evgeny N. Kurochkin and Gareth J. Dyke},
  journal={Paleontological Journal},
The fossil record of owls (Strigiformes) is one of the most extensive among the neornithine birds, yet at the same time largely restricted geographically to Europe and North America. Various fossil owls are known from the Paleocene (ca. 60 Ma) to Recent. Here we present the first taxonomic description of new species of Paleogene owls from Asia, two new taxa from the Eocene and Oligocene of Mongolia. The anatomy of Heterostrix tatsinensis gen. et sp. nov., represented by a complete Early… Expand
Skeleton of a New Owl from the Early Eocene of North America (Aves, Strigiformes) with an Accipitrid-Like Foot Morphology
ABSTRACT We describe a partial skeleton of a large-sized owl from Wasatchian strata of the Willwood Formation (Wyoming, U.S.A.). The holotype of Primoptynx poliotauros, gen. et sp. nov., includes allExpand
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The relatively extensive fossil record of owls (Aves, Strigiformes) in North America and Europe stands in stark contrast to the paucity of fossil strigiformes from Africa. The first occurrence of aExpand
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New Fossil Birds from the Earliest Eocene of Mongolia
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Abstract New bird taxa are described from the early Eocene Bumban Member of the Tsagaan-Khushuu locality in southern Mongolia. Bumbanortyx transitoria gen. et sp. nov. is a small galliform bird thatExpand
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Abstract The European fossil record of eagle owls, genus Bubo Duméril 1806, is thought to extend back into the Miocene, but records of Bubo before the Middle Pleistocene are scarce and mainlyExpand
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A review of all known fossil mousebirds and a new phylogenetic analysis suggest that the Lower Eocene Eocolius is the most basal member of clade Coliiformes, while the Lower–Middle Eocene Sandcoleidae form a basal clade with respect to all other known coliiforms. Expand
The Paleogene fossil record of birds in Europe
  • G. Mayr
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2005
The phylogenetic position of Paleogene birds indicates that diversification of the crown‐groups of modern avian‘families’ did not take place before the Oligocene, irrespective of their relative position within Neornithes (crown‐group birds). Expand
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The quality of the fossil record of Mesozoic birds
A dataset comprising all known fossil taxa is presented, suggesting that the broad outlines of early avian evolution are consistently represented: no stage in the Mesozoic is characterized by an overabundance of scrappy fossils compared with more complete specimens. Expand
Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion
A phylogenetic (cladistic) analysis of 150 taxa of Neornithes, including exemplars from all non-passeriform families, and subordinal representatives of Passeriformes, confirmed the topology among outgroup Theropoda and achieved robust resolution at virtually all levels of the NeornIthes. Expand
Fossil gap analysis supports early Tertiary origin of trophically diverse avian orders
The quality of the fossil record is consistent with the classical view that trophically diverse extant bird orders arose and diversified rapidly following the widespread extinction of other terrestrial groups at the K-T boundary. Expand
Heptasteornis was no ornithominid, troodontid, dromaeosaurid or owl: the first alvarezsaurid (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from Europe
A recognition of a shared derived character and strong similarity of the specimen to the distal tibiotarsi of members of the Alvarezsauridae, a clade of controversial flightless maniraptoran theropods, leads us to suggest that it represents an alvarezsaurid. Expand
The status of Minerva antiqua, Aquila ferox and Aquila lydekkeri as fossil birds. American Museum novitates ; no. 680
In study of fossil bird material in the American Museum of Natural History, R. W. Shufeldt in 1913 named three species that he considered fossil eagles,' namely, Aquila antiqua, A. ferox, and A.Expand