Purine Acquisition and Synthesis by Human Fungal Pathogens
In November 1839 the young university lecturer Bernhard (von) Langenbeck (1810-1887) published the first description of a fungus as aetiological agent of an oro-pharyngeal and oesophageal candidosis. We present his in English translated paper entitled 'Finding of fungi on the mucous membrane of the gullet of a typhoid fever corpse' (Germ.) in 'Neue Notizen aus dem Gebiete der Natur- und Heilkunde' (Froriep). There are interesting particulars in Langenbeck's description and discussion. The publication happened at the same time as that by Johann Lukas Schoenlein about fungi as the cause of the favus lesions. In this time Langenbeck lived at Göttingen. Later he went to Kiel and Berlin and became one of the most prominent surgeons of the 19th century. He sponsored the founding of the German Surgical Society, the Berlin Medical Society and the 'Archiv für Klinische Chirurgie'. In 1864 he was ennobled. Some of his assistants were Th. Billroth, R.U. Kroenlein, F. von Esmarch, and F. Trendelenburg.