The first cesarean: role of "fetal distress" diagnosis.

  title={The first cesarean: role of "fetal distress" diagnosis.},
  author={Maged M. Costantine and George R. Saade},
  journal={Seminars in perinatology},
  volume={36 5},
The goal of this review is to synthesize the available information regarding factors leading to the first cesarean, especially as it relates to the role of electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) in the prevention of the first cesarean. The widespread use of EFM did not reduce perinatal or neonatal adverse outcomes. Coupled with its inherent problems, such as poor sensitivity and reliability, this has led to a dramatic increase in cesarean delivery rates. To be realistic in any attempt to… CONTINUE READING

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