The first bone tools from Kromdraai and stone tools from Drimolen, and the place of bone tools in the South African Earlier Stone Age

  title={The first bone tools from Kromdraai and stone tools from Drimolen, and the place of bone tools in the South African Earlier Stone Age},
  author={Rhiannon C. Stammers and Matthew V. Caruana and Andy I. R. Herries},
  journal={Quaternary International},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Analysis of experimental bone tools from Swartkrans Cave, South Africa
Early Pleistocene deposits from Swartkrans Cave, South Africa, yield the remains of Paranthropus robustus and ungulate bone fragments that were manipulated through short-term use. An experimental
A 115,000-year-old expedient bone technology at Lingjing, Henan, China
This work compares a large sample of the faunal remains from Lingjing, a 115 ka-old site from China, with bone fragments produced by experimentally fracturing Equus caballus long bones, and provides a set of qualitative and quantitative criteria that can help zooarchaeologists and bone technologists distinguish faunaal remains with intentional flake removal scars from those resulting from carcass processing activities.
Animals for Tools: The Origin and Development of Bone Technologies in China
The origin and development of bone technologies in China are reviewed in the light of recent discoveries and compared to trends emerging from the European and African archaeological records. Three
Identifying Raw Material Transportation and Reduction Strategies from the Lithic Scatters at Elandsdrift Farm (Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site), South Africa
The Cradle of Humankind World Heritage site in South Africa is renowned for its karstic cave systems, which have yielded extensive fossil and stone tool assemblages dating to the Plio-Pleistocene
Use-Wear Analysis Brings “Vanished Technologies” to Light
I review five “vanished technologies” from southern Africa that have been brought to light through use-wear studies of bone tools. Most of the examples discussed here represent the first recognition
Ground‐penetrating radar analysis of the Drimolen early Pleistocene fossil‐bearing palaeocave, South Africa
The cave systems of the Malmani Dolomite, Gauteng, South Africa, have over the decades yielded numerous specimens of Pliocene to early Pleistocene hominin fossils which are critical for our


The efficiency of stone and bone tools for opening termite mounds: implications for hominid tool use at Swartkrans
TONE AND BONE TOOL ARTEFACTS HAVE been recovered from Swartkrans cave deposits in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, dated to the early and middle Pleistocene. It has been suggested that
Evidence for stone-tool-assisted consumption of animal tissues before 3.39 million years ago at Dikika, Ethiopia
The discovery of stone-tool-inflicted marks on bones found during recent survey work in Dikika, Ethiopia, extends by approximately 800,000 years the antiquity of stone tools and ofStone- tool-assisted consumption of ungulates by hominins and can now be attributed to Australopithecus afarensis.
Additional evidence on the early hominid bone tools from Swartkrans with reference to spatial distribution of lithic and organic artefacts
No significant differences were observed between Members 1–3 in the type and size of the bone fragments used as tools as well as in the length and type of the wear pattern, suggesting that no major changes occurred through time in the subsistence strategy for which the tools were used.
Possible evidence of bone tool shaping by Swartkrans early hominids
A critical assessment of southern African 'early hominid bone tools'
The aim of this study is to assess the origin of the surface modifications on 69 fossil specimens from the early hominid sites of Swartkrans and Sterkfontein. These fossils have been interpreted by
Bone tools: an experimental approach
Recognizing bone tools is important in the understanding of ancient people. When people first used bones as tools, animals became a source of raw material for artifact production, and local fauna was
Flaked stones and old bones: biological and cultural evolution at the dawn of technology.
  • T. Plummer
  • Environmental Science
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2004
The appearance of Oldowan sites ca. 2.6 million years ago (Ma) may reflect one of the most important adaptive shifts in human evolution. Stone artifact manufacture, large mammal butchery, and novel
3.3-million-year-old stone tools from Lomekwi 3, West Turkana, Kenya
The discovery of Lomekwi 3 is reported, a 3.3-million-year-old archaeological site where in situ stone artefacts occur in spatiotemporal association with Pliocene hominin fossils in a wooded palaeoenvironment and the name ‘Lomekwian’ is proposed, which predates the Oldowan by 700,000 years and marks a new beginning to the known archaeological record.