The first biologically inspired robots

  title={The first biologically inspired robots},
  author={Owen Holland},
  pages={351 - 363}
Thie first biologically inspired robots, the famous electromechanical tortoises, were designed and built in 1949 by W. Grey Walter. This paper reviews their origins in Walter's theories of the brain and the nature of life, and uses contemporary unpublished notes and photographs to assess their significance then and now. 

Exploration and high adventure: the legacy of Grey Walter

  • O. Holland
  • Education
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2003
Grey Walter emerges as a fascinating and far-seeing figure whose work has not dated, perhaps because it was explicitly based on similar principles to those used today in biologically inspired robotics.

Editorial: Biologically Inspired Robotics — an Introduction to the Special Issue

The motivation for this special issue is presented, the motivation for a series of six symposia run through the biologically inspired robotics network, and the six papers that were chosen through the review process are introduced.

Affect in Human-Robot Interaction

This chapter provides a brief overview of research advances into this important aspect of human-robot interaction, which presupposes effective use of robot affect.

Socially robotic: making useless machines

As robots increasingly become part of our everyday lives, questions arise with regards to how to approach them and how to understand them in social contexts. The Western history of human–robot

Progress and Roadmap for Intelligent Self‐Healing Materials in Autonomous Robotics

This review aims to serve as a roadmap driven by past advances and inspire future cross-disciplinary research in robotic materials and electronics and encourages further innovation in this exciting and emerging branch in robotics interfacing with material science and electronics.

Social and Physical Cognition in Old World Monkeys - A Comparative Perspective

Data regarding the relationship between brain size and social complexity support the hypothesis that this increase is due to the demands of life in a complex social group, and whether this pressure only affects primates or not.

Louise Barrett, beyond the brain: how body and environment shape animal and human minds

Beyond the brain: how body and environment shape animal and human minds is an eye-opening and thought-provoking book that sets out a much-needed contribution to the study of the relationship between

Fluid dynamic research on polychaete worm, Nereis diversicolor and its biomimetic applications

Close-up PIV results show how the jet-like fluid pattern is formed due to the action both of a single sweeping parapodium and to the interaction between adjacent parapodia, proving for the first time that Gray’s (1939) explanation of the propulsion mechanics is in fact correct.

Artificial Neural Models for Feedback Pathways for Sensorimotor Integration

It is claimed that the recurrent connections can be one of possible neural structures to build up the feedback pathways on the sensorimotor integration in artificial cognitive systems.

Collision Free Navigation of a Multi-Robot Team for Intruder Interception

It is proved that each individual team member is able to traverse safely in the region, which is cluttered by many obstacles with any shapes to trap the target while using the sensors in some indefinite switching points and not continuously, which leads to saving energy consumption and increasing the battery life of the robots consequently.




pared, and the successive stages of implantation and placental formation in various mammals are compared with those in man. Although the authors have quite successfully attempted to keep the book as

The Living Brain

The author's style is worthy of his subject; it is always clear and assured; but it also scintillates with many a beautifully turned phrase, or allusion, which explain or underline, but never distort, his scientific statements.

the pioneer of real artificial life,” In: Artificial Life V

  • (ed. C. G. Langton and K. Shimohara)
  • 1996

Imitation of Life

The Living Brain

This is the third edition; all material is up to the minute in this rapidly changing field, and new sections on newborn special care, systemic antimicrobial therapy, my¬ coplasme infections, rabies, drugs excreted in breast milk, special genitourinary disorders, and man¬ agement of burns have been added.

A Machine that Learns

An Imitation of Life

Accomplishments of an Artefact

  • Biological robots
  • 1953

Grey Walter: the pioneer of real artificial life

  • Grey Walter: the pioneer of real artificial life
  • 1996

Accomplishments of an Artefact

  • Manuscript
  • 1953