The fetal safety and clinical efficacy of gastrointestinal endoscopy during pregnancy.

@article{Cappell2003TheFS,
  title={The fetal safety and clinical efficacy of gastrointestinal endoscopy during pregnancy.},
  author={Mitchell S Cappell},
  journal={Gastroenterology clinics of North America},
  year={2003},
  volume={32 1},
  pages={123-79}
}
More than 12,000 pregnant patients in the United States per annum have conditions that are normally evaluated by EGD. More than 6000 pregnant patients in the United States per annum have conditions that are normally evaluated by sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. About one thousand more have symptomatic choledocholithiasis during pregnancy, which is a strong indication for endoscopic sphincterotomy in nonpregnant patients. Endoscopy during pregnancy raises the unique issue of fetal safety… CONTINUE READING