The felt effects of the Carlisle earthquake of 26 December 1979

@article{Musson2002TheFE,
  title={The felt effects of the Carlisle earthquake of 26 December 1979},
  author={Roger M. W. Musson and Paul Henni},
  journal={Scottish Journal of Geology},
  year={2002},
  volume={38},
  pages={113 - 125}
}
Synopsis The earthquake of 26 December 1979, with an epicentre north of Carlisle, near Longtown, Cumbria, was one of the most significant British earthquakes of the second half of the 20th century. It had a magnitude of 4.7 ML (local magnitude) and was felt over an area of around 84 000 km2 at intensity 3 EMS (European Macroseismic Scale), covering most of central Scotland, the Borders, Cumbria and the NE of England. It was the mainshock of a sequence of around 90 events recorded by the British… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The determination of earthquake location and magnitude from macroseismic data in Europe
This paper describes how the earthquake parameters of historical earthquakes have been determined in Europe from macroseismic data by means of the so-called “Boxer” method, in the frame of theExpand
Early seismicity of the Scottish Borders Region
This paper considers the seismicity of Southern Scotland and Northern England up to the year 1750. This area was formerly a border area between two states that eventually became politically united.Expand
Paraglacial rock-slope failures in Wasdale, western Lake District, England: morphology, styles and significance
Five sites of rock-slope failure are described from glaciated hill slopes in Wasdale, western Lake District. There are some distinct morphological variations and clear differences in failure stylesExpand
Examples of recent rockfalls from basalt cliffs in Northern Ireland
Two examples of recent rockfalls from basalt cliffs in Northern Ireland are described and some trigger mechanisms suggested. The Downhill rockfall of June 2002 resulted in derailment of theExpand
The Kirkby Fell rock-slope failure, Malham, Yorkshire Dales
A two-phase development sequence of rock-slope failure on Kirkby Fell, Malham, is proposed based on field observations and Schmidt hammer data. The first phase was a rotational movement and theExpand
The Kirkby Fell rock-slope failure, Malham, Yorkshire Dales
A two-phase development sequence of rock-slope failure on Kirkby Fell, Malham, is proposed based on field observations and Schmidt hammer data. The first phase was a rotational movement and theExpand
Geomorphological characteristics and significance of late quaternary paraglacial rock‐slope failures on skiddaw group terrain, lake district, northwest england
ABSTRACT. Eight relict rock‐slope failures (RSFs) on Skiddaw Group terrain in the Lake District, northwest England, are described. Five of the failures are rockslides, one is a product of slopeExpand
Journal of the Geological Society Palaeoseismology from microfabric and geochemical analysis of lacustrine sediment , Windermere , UK
Lake sediments commonly contain detrital layers that record events such as floods or earthquakes but these may be disturbed or partially destroyed by bioturbation. Here we use a novel combination ofExpand
Palaeoseismology from microfabric and geochemical analysis of lacustrine sediments, Windermere, UK
Lake sediments commonly contain detrital layers that record events such as floods or earthquakes, but these may be disturbed or partially destroyed by bioturbation. Here we use a novel combination ofExpand
Tracing lake pollution, eutrophication and partial recovery from the sediments of Windermere, UK, using geochemistry and sediment microfabrics.
TLDR
A multi-method geochemical and sediment microfabric analysis applied to reconstruct the history of cultural eutrophication and pollution of the North and South Basins of Windermere, UK shows seasonal-scale redox mineralisation of Mn, Fe, and Ba related to intermittent sediment anoxia. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES
The seismicity of the British Isles
A new and homogeneous catalogue of earthquakes in the British Isles has been produced, including events of magnitude 4 ML and greater to 1700 and events of 3 ML and greater thereafter. TheExpand
A fault plane solution for the Carlisle earthquake, 26 December 1979
Deformation at plate boundaries is well determined from the fault parameters of large earthquakes but within plates relatively little is known. Although other methods of measuring in situ stress areExpand
Focal mechanisms of aftershocks of the 1979 Carlisle earthquake: a re-interpretation
Summary. A composite fault plane solution of aftershocks of the 4.8 ML Carlisle earthquake of 1979 December 26, and the geographic distribution of their epicentres, indicate the predominance ofExpand
Intensity assignments from historical earthquake data: issues of certainty and quality
TLDR
A system is presented for three types of quality problems: reliability of intensity assessment, locational certainty or uncertainty, and veracity of the original data; each of these is treated as a binary variable, giving a final quality code ranging from 0 (best) to 7 (worst). Expand
New version of the generic mapping tools
TLDR
GMT is a public domain collection of UNIX tools that contains programs to manipulate (x,y,z) data and to generate PostScript illustrations, including simple x-y diagrams, contour maps, color images, and artificially illuminated, perspective, shaded-relief plots using a variety of map projections. Expand
From questionnaires to intensities — Assessing free-form macroseismic data in the UK
Abstract Questionnaires for macroseismic surveys can generally be categorised into two groups: structured questionnaires, where respondents are given a number of options and have to tick one, andExpand
A catalogue of British earthquakes British Geological Survey Global Seismology Report, WL/94/04
  • 1994
The Carlisle earthquake sequence 1979-1981
  • British Geological Survey Global Seismology Unit Report, 184.
  • 1983
BGS Seismic Monitoring and Information Service Twelfth Annual Report
  • British Geological Survey Technical Report IR/01/46.
  • 2001
European Macroseismic Scale
  • 1998
...
1
2
...