The feeling of a presence and verbal meaningfulness in context of temporal lobe function: Factor analytic verification of the muses?

  title={The feeling of a presence and verbal meaningfulness in context of temporal lobe function: Factor analytic verification of the muses?},
  author={Michael A. Persinger and Katherine Makarec},
  journal={Brain and Cognition},
The Sensed Presence Within Experimental Settings: Implications for the Male and Female Concept of Self
Within an optimal experimental setting, women reported more frequent experiences of a sensed presence than did men, and men were more likely than women to consider these experiences as “intrusions” from extrapersonal or ego-alien sources.
The sensed presence as right hemispheric intrusions into the left hemispheric awareness of self: an illustrative case study.
The existence of these neurocognitive processes demands a reevaluation of the psychiatric default explanations of "hysteria" and questions the belief that "awareness during seizures" or "premonition of subsequent somatosensory experience" contraindicates an epileptic process.
Enhanced Incidence of “The Sensed Presence” in People Who Have Learned to Meditate: Support for the Right Hemispheric Intrusion Hypothesis
The effect size suggests that learning a meditation technique is counterindicated for subpopulations, such as borderline, schizotypal, or dissociative personalities, who display very fragile self-concepts.
Left Ear (Right Temporal Lobe) Suppressions during Dichotic Listening, Ego-Alien Intrusion Experiences and Spiritualistic Beliefs in Normal Women
Inferences of temporal lobe signs, hemisphericity (Vingiano's quotient) and self-esteem as well as dichotic listening measures were obtained for 26 university women, and it was predicted that the numbers of left-ear suppressions but not of right-ear suppression were specifically and moderately correlated with the intensity of Tobacyk's spiritualistic beliefs.
Relative Right Temporal-Lobe Theta Activity Correlates with Vingiano's Hemispheric Quotient and the “Sensed Presence”
The hypothesis that this class of mystical experiences is encouraged by hemispheric mismatch in temporal-lobe theta activity is supported.
Right Hemisphericity, Low Self-Esteem, and Unusual Experiences: A Response to Vingiano
Vingiano's (1992) challenge concerning the relationship between right hemisphericity, low self-esteem, mystical experiences, and religiosity can be clarified by the concept of vectorial
Vectorial Cerebral Hemisphericity as Differential Sources for the Sensed Presence, Mystical Experiences and Religious Conversions
Conditions that facilitate interhemispheric intercalation and the generation of experiential phenomena that include “evil entities,” gods, out-of-body experiences, and alterations in space-time are discussed.
The Medium and the Matrix Unconscious Information and the Therapeutic Dyad
Pioneers in psychology discovered, then repudiated, the traumatic origins of dissociation. Recent scientific research is show- ing how genetic predisposition plus trauma cause dissociation along with
Greater Right Hemisphericity is Associated with Lower Self-Esteem in Adults
The hypothesis that the sense of self is primarily a linguistic, left-hemispheric phenomenon and that a developmental history of frequent intrusion from right-hemisphere processes can infuse the self-concept with negative affect is supported.
Case report: A prototypical spontaneous ‘sensed presence’ of a sentient being and concomitant electroencephalographic activity in the clinical laboratory
This case illustrates that many sensed presences might be similar to ‘epileptic auras’ for patients who also display elevated complex partial epileptic-like experiences following closed head injuries and that close attention to typically ignored electroencephalographic ‘transients’ may be helpful indicators.


Religious and Mystical Experiences as Artifacts of Temporal Lobe Function: A General Hypothesis
These temporal lobe microseizures can be learned as responses to existential trauma because stimulation is of powerful intrinsic reward regions and reduction of death anxiety occurs, and the implications of these transients as potent modifiers of human behavior are considered.
Temporal Lobe Signs and Reports of Subjective Paranormal Experiences in a Normal Population: A Replication
The hypothesis that mystical or paranormal experiences are associated with transient electrical foci within the temporal lobe of the human brain may be embedded within a more complex symptomatology of temporal lobe signs.
Geophysical Variables and Behavior: LV. Predicting the Details of Visitor Experiences and the Personality of Experients: The Temporal Lobe Factor
The visitor experience, a more intense form of the normal sense of presence, emphasizes the deep belief of personal contact with an extraterrestrial (or religious) entity. Phenomenological details of
Verbal hallucinations and language production processes in schizophrenia
  • R. Hoffman
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1986
Abstract How is it that many schizophrenics identify certain instances of verbal imagery as hallucinatory? Most investigators have assumed that alterations in sensory features of imagery explain
Temporal Lobe Signs: Electroencephalographic Validity and Enhanced Scores in Special Populations
Results demonstrate that quantitative measures of electrical changes in the temporal lobe are correlated with (or with the report of) specific experiences that are prevalent during surgical or epileptic stimulation of this brain region.
Propensity to Report Paranormal Experiences is Correlated with Temporal Lobe Signs
The hypothesis that spontaneous paranormal experiences and the psychological components of complex partial (psychomotor) epilepsy may exist along the same continuum of temporal lobe sensitivity is supported.
Specific Temporal-Lobe Signs and Enhanced Delayed Cross-Modal Matching Performance
It is hypothesized that people who display signs suggestive of specific temporal lobe lability should show enhanced delayed cross-modal matching performance, and the hypothesis was supported.
Hallucinations on Brain Stimulation: Evidence for Revision of the Penfield Hypothesis
It is found that similar hallucinatory experiences may arise from subcortical stimulation of the temporal lobe, which is pertinent to the processes involved in perception, imagery formation, and memory.
The role of the limbic system in experiential phenomena of temporal lobe epilepsy
Patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy who were investigated with chronic, stereotaxically implanted intracerebral electrodes reported perceptual experiential phenomena that mainly consisted of perceptual hallucinations or illusions, memory flashbacks, illusions of familiarity, forced thinking, or emotions.