The fallacy of the ecological fallacy: the potential misuse of a concept and the consequences.

  title={The fallacy of the ecological fallacy: the potential misuse of a concept and the consequences.},
  author={S. Schwartz},
  journal={American journal of public health},
  volume={84 5},
  • S. Schwartz
  • Published 1994
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • American journal of public health
Ecological studies have been evaluated in epidemiological contexts in terms of the "ecological fallacy." Although the empirical evidence for a lack of comparability between correlations derived from ecological- and individual-level analyses is compelling, the conceptual meaning of the ecological fallacy remains problematic. This paper argues that issues in cross-level inference can be usefully conceptualized as validity problems, problems not peculiar to ecological-level analyses. Such an… Expand

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