The fake first round about the Earth. The case of the supposed Chinese circumnavigation of 1421 from the post-truth paradigm

  title={The fake first round about the Earth. The case of the supposed Chinese circumnavigation of 1421 from the post-truth paradigm},
  author={Ja Mu{\~n}iz-Vel{\'a}zquez and Javier Lozano Delmar},
Introduction. Five hundred years ago, Magellan undertook a trip that would end up being, in the hands of Juan Sebastián Elcano, the first round the world. But, surprising as it may seem, not everyone accepts this historical truth. Such is the case of the book 1421: The Year China Discovered the World, published with remarkable success in 2002, and with successive editions and translations. Its author, Gavin Menzies, constructs a story about this alternative fact: a Chinese expedition completed… 
Bulos durante la pandemia del Covid-19 en España: un estudio a través de Google Trends
Introduction: On March 14, 2020, the state of alarm was declared in Spain to stop the expansion of a new type of coronavirus. Facing the proliferation of fake news about the pandemic and the
Libraries Fight Disinformation: An Analysis of Online Practices to Help Users’ Generations in Spotting Fake News
To identify the most common media literacy practices in the face of fake news, this exploratory study designed an ad hoc analysis sheet, validated by the inter-judge method, which allowed one to classify the practices of N = 216 libraries from all over the world.


Round About the Earth: Circumnavigation from Magellan to Orbit
With illustrations and maps, a witty and erudite account of the history of circumnavigation and how it has influenced the way we think about the Earth and ourselves. In the first complete account,
On the Perils and Pleasures of Confronting Pseudohistory
ack in 2000 I attended a meeting of the Sixteenth Century Society and Conference in Cleveland. At the banquet, I was seated at a table with two scholars who had written biographies of Columbus.
Junketing for China in 1421: The First World Tours?
Gavin Menzies, an Englishman born in China in 1937, served in the Royal Navy from 1953 to 1970. Then, after finding an early cause to question the traditional history of the expansion of Europe, he
Footprints in the Sea: Nautical and Physical Impossibilities of Menzies' 1421 Voyages
A bold challenge to accepted knowledge by Gavin Menzies in his 1421: The Year China Discovered the World is an exercise in literary licence changing the legendary Cheng Ho into a mythical Zheng He.
How Not to (Re)Write World History: Gavin Menzies and the Chinese Discovery of America
In 1421:The Year China Discovered America, Gavin Menzies claims that several Chinese fleets sailed around the world, charting sea coasts, founding colonies, and creating a global maritime empire.
Mao and The Da Vinci Code: conspiracy, narrative and history
Abstract During the last decade three books have had a disproportionate impact on China Studies because of their controversial interpretations: Jenner's The Tyranny of History, which predicts the
Froth and Scum: Truth, Beauty, Goodness, and the Ax Murder in America's First Mass Medium
Two notorious antebellum New York murder cases--a prostitute slashed in an elegant brothel and a tradesman bludgeoned by the brother of inventor Samuel Colt--set off journalistic scrambles over the
The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World
A monumental, wholly accessible work of scholarship that retells human history through the story of mankind's relationship with the sea. An accomplishment of both great sweep and illuminating detail,
Pseudo History⁄Weird History: Nationalism and the Internet
One of the most important developments in the production of history in the early twenty-first century has been the capacity of ‘weird history’ or ‘pseudo history’ to have a large impact on the public
Did Zheng He Set Out to Colonize Southeast Asia
In recent years, with the approach of the 600th anniversary of Admiral Zheng He's maiden expedition to Southeast Asia, some historians began to re-examine the nature and impact of the Admiral's