The eyes are sufficient to produce a threat superiority effect.

@article{Fox2006TheEA,
  title={The eyes are sufficient to produce a threat superiority effect.},
  author={E. Spencer Fox and Ljubica Damjanovic},
  journal={Emotion},
  year={2006},
  volume={6 3},
  pages={
          534-9
        }
}
The research described in this article used a visual search task and demonstrated that the eye region alone can produce a threat superiority effect. Indeed, the magnitude of the threat superiority effect did not increase with whole-face, relative to eye-region-only, stimuli. The authors conclude that the configuration of the eyes provides a key signal of threat, which can mediate the search advantage for threat-related facial expressions. 
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