The eye-opening case of Keir v. United States.

  • J G Classé
  • Published 1989 in Journal of the American Optometric Association


In a case involving a 4-year-old esotrope with retinoblastoma, a federal appellate court has held that, as a matter of law, the standard of care expected of an optometrist requires a dilated fundus examination conducted with the binocular indirect ophthalmoscope at the initial visit and periodically thereafter.

Cite this paper

@article{Class1989TheEC, title={The eye-opening case of Keir v. United States.}, author={J G Class{\'e}}, journal={Journal of the American Optometric Association}, year={1989}, volume={60 6}, pages={471-6} }